Bates is a minor character in William Shakespeare's historical play, Henry V. Although he only appears in a few scenes, Bates plays a significant role in highlighting the human cost of war and the moral dilemmas faced by soldiers.
Bates is a common soldier in the English army, fighting alongside his fellow countrymen in the war against France. He is portrayed as an ordinary man, representing the concerns and fears of the common people during times of conflict. Bates is known for his outspoken nature and his willingness to question authority, particularly the decisions made by King Henry V.
One of the most memorable moments involving Bates occurs in Act IV, Scene 1, commonly known as the "Saint Crispin's Day Speech." King Henry V delivers a rousing speech to his troops, inspiring them to fight bravely against the French. In response, Bates engages in a conversation with his fellow soldiers about the king's responsibility for the lives lost in battle.
Bates raises a moral dilemma, questioning whether the king should bear the burden of the soldiers' deaths or if the responsibility lies with each individual soldier. He argues that the king, as a leader, should be held accountable for the lives lost in pursuit of his ambitions. This exchange showcases the internal struggle faced by soldiers, torn between loyalty to their king and their personal reservations about the war.
Bates' skepticism is further highlighted in Act IV, Scene 3, when he engages in a conversation with his companions, Court and Williams. They discuss the true nature of the war and the motivations driving their leaders. Bates expresses his doubts, suggesting that the common soldiers suffer the consequences of the decisions made by those in power.
Despite his skepticism, Bates remains a loyal soldier, fulfilling his duty on the battlefield. He fights alongside his comrades, experiencing the horrors of war firsthand. His character serves as a reminder of the ordinary soldiers who bear the brunt of the conflicts waged by their leaders.
In conclusion, Bates is a minor character in Henry V who represents the moral dilemmas faced by the common soldiers in times of war. Through his outspoken nature and skepticism, he highlights the human cost of conflict and questions the decisions made by those in power. Bates serves as a reminder of the individuals who suffer the most in war, shedding light on the experiences of the common soldier.