William Shakespeare

Macbeth is a tragedy that tells the story of a Scottish general named Macbeth, who receives a prophecy from three witches that he will become King of Scotland. Driven by his ambition and the encouragement of his wife, Lady Macbeth, Macbeth murders King Duncan and takes the throne for himself. However, the guilt and paranoia that come with his actions lead to further bloodshed and his eventual downfall.

Throughout the play, themes of ambition, fate, and the corrupting influence of power are explored. Macbeth's initial desire for power leads him down a path of destruction, causing him to lose everything he holds dear. The characters of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are complex and multi-dimensional, with their motivations and actions constantly evolving throughout the play.

Other notable characters include Macduff, a Scottish nobleman who becomes Macbeth's greatest enemy, and Banquo, a fellow general who also receives a prophecy from the witches but chooses not to act on it. The supernatural elements of the play, such as the witches and their prophecies, add to the eerie and ominous tone of the story.

Overall, Macbeth is a dark and tragic tale of the consequences of unchecked ambition and the corrupting influence of power. It remains one of Shakespeare's most popular and widely studied works.

Act I

Macbeth begins with three witches, who are also known as the Weird Sisters, meeting on a heath amidst thunder and lightning. They plan to meet with Macbeth after his battle with the Norwegian army. Meanwhile, King Duncan hears news of the victory and orders his nobleman, Ross, to inform Macbeth of his newly bestowed title, Thane of Cawdor.

Along the way, Ross meets Macbeth and his best friend Banquo. The witches hail Macbeth as Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, and the future King of Scotland. They also prophesize that Banquo's descendants will be kings. Macbeth is shocked by the predictions, but his ambition is piqued.

Shortly after, Ross arrives with Duncan's news, and Macbeth is officially declared Thane of Cawdor. The witches' words start to take hold, and Macbeth wonders if he should take matters into his own hands to become king. Lady Macbeth, his wife, arrives and convinces him to murder Duncan to seize the throne.

As the night falls, Macbeth hallucinates a bloody dagger leading him to Duncan's chamber. He murders the sleeping king and frames the guards for the crime. The next morning, Macduff, a nobleman, discovers the body and raises the alarm. Macbeth kills the guards to prevent them from revealing his crime.

Act 1 ends with Macbeth being crowned as King of Scotland, but the guilt and paranoia start to consume him. He fears that Banquo's descendants will take the throne from him and hires murderers to kill Banquo and his son Fleance.

SCENE I. A desert place.

Scene 1 of Act 1 of this play begins with three witches, also known as the Weird Sisters, gathered in a desolate place, amidst thunder and lightning. They plan to meet with Macbeth, a Scottish general, after a battle has been fought.

As they wait for Macbeth, they discuss their recent encounters with sailors and their plans to cause chaos and mischief. They also cast spells and make prophecies about Macbeth's future, stating that he will become Thane of Cawdor and eventually become king.

When Macbeth and his fellow general Banquo arrive, the witches greet them with strange and ominous statements. They tell Macbeth that he will become the Thane of Cawdor and eventually king, while Banquo is told that his descendants will also become kings. The two generals are initially skeptical but are shaken when Ross and Angus arrive and inform Macbeth that he has indeed been named the new Thane of Cawdor.

Scene 1 sets the stage for the rest of the play, highlighting the supernatural elements that will play a significant role in Macbeth's downfall. The prophecies made by the witches will ultimately lead Macbeth to make decisions that will have disastrous consequences.

Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches

First Witch
When shall we three meet again
Link: 1.1.1
In thunder, lightning, or in rain?
Link: 1.1.2

Second Witch
When the hurlyburly's done,
Link: 1.1.3
When the battle's lost and won.
Link: 1.1.4

Third Witch
That will be ere the set of sun.
Link: 1.1.5

First Witch
Where the place?
Link: 1.1.6

Second Witch
Upon the heath.
Link: 1.1.7

Third Witch
There to meet with Macbeth.
Link: 1.1.8

First Witch
I come, Graymalkin!
Link: 1.1.9

Second Witch
Paddock calls.
Link: 1.1.10

Third Witch

Fair is foul, and foul is fair:
Link: 1.1.12
Hover through the fog and filthy air.
Link: 1.1.13


SCENE II. A camp near Forres.

Scene 2 of Act 1 begins with a Scottish army camp in which the Scottish King Duncan and his son Malcolm are discussing how their soldiers have fought against the Norwegian army and won. Duncan then orders a wounded sergeant to tell him about the battle, and the sergeant reports that Macbeth, a Scottish general, fought fiercely against the Norwegians and won the battle for Scotland. Duncan then announces that he will execute the traitorous Thane of Cawdor and give his title to Macbeth, who is currently absent.

Meanwhile, Macbeth and his friend Banquo are traveling towards the Scottish camp when they come across three witches who prophesy that Macbeth will become Thane of Cawdor and then King of Scotland, and that Banquo's descendants will be kings. Macbeth is initially skeptical but becomes intrigued when he is informed that the first part of the prophecy has come true. He starts to think about how he could become king and contemplates the idea of killing Duncan, but Banquo warns him that this is not a wise course of action. Macbeth is torn between his ambition and his loyalty to the king.

The scene ends with the arrival of Ross and Angus, who inform Macbeth that he has been appointed Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth is shocked and realizes that the witches' prophecy is coming true. He starts to think about how he could become king and contemplates the idea of killing Duncan, but Banquo warns him that this is not a wise course of action. Macbeth is torn between his ambition and his loyalty to the king.

Alarum within. Enter DUNCAN, MALCOLM, DONALBAIN, LENNOX, with Attendants, meeting a bleeding Sergeant

What bloody man is that? He can report,
Link: 1.2.1
As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt
Link: 1.2.2
The newest state.
Link: 1.2.3

This is the sergeant
Link: 1.2.4
Who like a good and hardy soldier fought
Link: 1.2.5
'Gainst my captivity. Hail, brave friend!
Link: 1.2.6
Say to the king the knowledge of the broil
Link: 1.2.7
As thou didst leave it.
Link: 1.2.8

Doubtful it stood;
Link: 1.2.9
As two spent swimmers, that do cling together
Link: 1.2.10
And choke their art. The merciless Macdonwald--
Link: 1.2.11
Worthy to be a rebel, for to that
Link: 1.2.12
The multiplying villanies of nature
Link: 1.2.13
Do swarm upon him--from the western isles
Link: 1.2.14
Of kerns and gallowglasses is supplied;
Link: 1.2.15
And fortune, on his damned quarrel smiling,
Link: 1.2.16
Show'd like a rebel's whore: but all's too weak:
Link: 1.2.17
For brave Macbeth--well he deserves that name--
Link: 1.2.18
Disdaining fortune, with his brandish'd steel,
Link: 1.2.19
Which smoked with bloody execution,
Link: 1.2.20
Like valour's minion carved out his passage
Link: 1.2.21
Till he faced the slave;
Link: 1.2.22
Which ne'er shook hands, nor bade farewell to him,
Link: 1.2.23
Till he unseam'd him from the nave to the chaps,
Link: 1.2.24
And fix'd his head upon our battlements.
Link: 1.2.25

O valiant cousin! worthy gentleman!
Link: 1.2.26

As whence the sun 'gins his reflection
Link: 1.2.27
Shipwrecking storms and direful thunders break,
Link: 1.2.28
So from that spring whence comfort seem'd to come
Link: 1.2.29
Discomfort swells. Mark, king of Scotland, mark:
Link: 1.2.30
No sooner justice had with valour arm'd
Link: 1.2.31
Compell'd these skipping kerns to trust their heels,
Link: 1.2.32
But the Norweyan lord surveying vantage,
Link: 1.2.33
With furbish'd arms and new supplies of men
Link: 1.2.34
Began a fresh assault.
Link: 1.2.35

Dismay'd not this
Link: 1.2.36
Our captains, Macbeth and Banquo?
Link: 1.2.37

As sparrows eagles, or the hare the lion.
Link: 1.2.39
If I say sooth, I must report they were
Link: 1.2.40
As cannons overcharged with double cracks, so they
Link: 1.2.41
Doubly redoubled strokes upon the foe:
Link: 1.2.42
Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds,
Link: 1.2.43
Or memorise another Golgotha,
Link: 1.2.44
I cannot tell.
Link: 1.2.45
But I am faint, my gashes cry for help.
Link: 1.2.46

So well thy words become thee as thy wounds;
Link: 1.2.47
They smack of honour both. Go get him surgeons.
Link: 1.2.48
Who comes here?
Link: 1.2.49

Enter ROSS

The worthy thane of Ross.
Link: 1.2.50

What a haste looks through his eyes! So should he look
Link: 1.2.51
That seems to speak things strange.
Link: 1.2.52

God save the king!
Link: 1.2.53

Whence camest thou, worthy thane?
Link: 1.2.54

From Fife, great king;
Link: 1.2.55
Where the Norweyan banners flout the sky
Link: 1.2.56
And fan our people cold. Norway himself,
Link: 1.2.57
With terrible numbers,
Link: 1.2.58
Assisted by that most disloyal traitor
Link: 1.2.59
The thane of Cawdor, began a dismal conflict;
Link: 1.2.60
Till that Bellona's bridegroom, lapp'd in proof,
Link: 1.2.61
Confronted him with self-comparisons,
Link: 1.2.62
Point against point rebellious, arm 'gainst arm.
Link: 1.2.63
Curbing his lavish spirit: and, to conclude,
Link: 1.2.64
The victory fell on us.
Link: 1.2.65

Great happiness!
Link: 1.2.66

That now
Link: 1.2.67
Sweno, the Norways' king, craves composition:
Link: 1.2.68
Nor would we deign him burial of his men
Link: 1.2.69
Till he disbursed at Saint Colme's inch
Link: 1.2.70
Ten thousand dollars to our general use.
Link: 1.2.71

No more that thane of Cawdor shall deceive
Link: 1.2.72
Our bosom interest: go pronounce his present death,
Link: 1.2.73
And with his former title greet Macbeth.
Link: 1.2.74

I'll see it done.
Link: 1.2.75

What he hath lost noble Macbeth hath won.
Link: 1.2.76


SCENE III. A heath near Forres.

The scene opens with thunder and lightning on a heath. Three witches appear and discuss their plans to meet with Macbeth. They speak of their desire to cause chaos and mischief in the world.

As they continue to speak, Macbeth and Banquo enter the scene. The witches greet Macbeth with a prophecy: he will become Thane of Cawdor and then king. Banquo is also told that he will father a line of kings.

Macbeth is surprised by the prophecy and asks the witches to explain further, but they disappear. Banquo warns Macbeth to be wary of the witches and their predictions, but Macbeth is already consumed by their words.

Ross and Angus then enter the scene and inform Macbeth that he has indeed been named Thane of Cawdor. This news confirms the witches' prophecy and fills Macbeth with ambition. He begins to contemplate the possibility of becoming king and what it would mean for his future.

The scene ends with Macbeth and Banquo discussing the witches' prophecy and what it could mean for their futures. Macbeth is already beginning to consider taking action to make the prophecy a reality, while Banquo remains skeptical and cautious.

Thunder. Enter the three Witches

First Witch
Where hast thou been, sister?
Link: 1.3.1

Second Witch
Killing swine.
Link: 1.3.2

Third Witch
Sister, where thou?
Link: 1.3.3

First Witch
A sailor's wife had chestnuts in her lap,
Link: 1.3.4
And munch'd, and munch'd, and munch'd:--
Link: 1.3.5
'Give me,' quoth I:
Link: 1.3.6
'Aroint thee, witch!' the rump-fed ronyon cries.
Link: 1.3.7
Her husband's to Aleppo gone, master o' the Tiger:
Link: 1.3.8
But in a sieve I'll thither sail,
Link: 1.3.9
And, like a rat without a tail,
Link: 1.3.10
I'll do, I'll do, and I'll do.
Link: 1.3.11

Second Witch
I'll give thee a wind.
Link: 1.3.12

First Witch
Thou'rt kind.
Link: 1.3.13

Third Witch
And I another.
Link: 1.3.14

First Witch
I myself have all the other,
Link: 1.3.15
And the very ports they blow,
Link: 1.3.16
All the quarters that they know
Link: 1.3.17
I' the shipman's card.
Link: 1.3.18
I will drain him dry as hay:
Link: 1.3.19
Sleep shall neither night nor day
Link: 1.3.20
Hang upon his pent-house lid;
Link: 1.3.21
He shall live a man forbid:
Link: 1.3.22
Weary se'nnights nine times nine
Link: 1.3.23
Shall he dwindle, peak and pine:
Link: 1.3.24
Though his bark cannot be lost,
Link: 1.3.25
Yet it shall be tempest-tost.
Link: 1.3.26
Look what I have.
Link: 1.3.27

Second Witch
Show me, show me.
Link: 1.3.28

First Witch
Here I have a pilot's thumb,
Link: 1.3.29
Wreck'd as homeward he did come.
Link: 1.3.30

Drum within

Third Witch
A drum, a drum!
Link: 1.3.31
Macbeth doth come.
Link: 1.3.32

The weird sisters, hand in hand,
Link: 1.3.33
Posters of the sea and land,
Link: 1.3.34
Thus do go about, about:
Link: 1.3.35
Thrice to thine and thrice to mine
Link: 1.3.36
And thrice again, to make up nine.
Link: 1.3.37
Peace! the charm's wound up.
Link: 1.3.38


So foul and fair a day I have not seen.
Link: 1.3.39

How far is't call'd to Forres? What are these
Link: 1.3.40
So wither'd and so wild in their attire,
Link: 1.3.41
That look not like the inhabitants o' the earth,
Link: 1.3.42
And yet are on't? Live you? or are you aught
Link: 1.3.43
That man may question? You seem to understand me,
Link: 1.3.44
By each at once her chappy finger laying
Link: 1.3.45
Upon her skinny lips: you should be women,
Link: 1.3.46
And yet your beards forbid me to interpret
Link: 1.3.47
That you are so.
Link: 1.3.48

Speak, if you can: what are you?
Link: 1.3.49

First Witch
All hail, Macbeth! hail to thee, thane of Glamis!
Link: 1.3.50

Second Witch
All hail, Macbeth, hail to thee, thane of Cawdor!
Link: 1.3.51

Third Witch
All hail, Macbeth, thou shalt be king hereafter!
Link: 1.3.52

Good sir, why do you start; and seem to fear
Link: 1.3.53
Things that do sound so fair? I' the name of truth,
Link: 1.3.54
Are ye fantastical, or that indeed
Link: 1.3.55
Which outwardly ye show? My noble partner
Link: 1.3.56
You greet with present grace and great prediction
Link: 1.3.57
Of noble having and of royal hope,
Link: 1.3.58
That he seems rapt withal: to me you speak not.
Link: 1.3.59
If you can look into the seeds of time,
Link: 1.3.60
And say which grain will grow and which will not,
Link: 1.3.61
Speak then to me, who neither beg nor fear
Link: 1.3.62
Your favours nor your hate.
Link: 1.3.63

First Witch

Second Witch

Third Witch

First Witch
Lesser than Macbeth, and greater.
Link: 1.3.67

Second Witch
Not so happy, yet much happier.
Link: 1.3.68

Third Witch
Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none:
Link: 1.3.69
So all hail, Macbeth and Banquo!
Link: 1.3.70

First Witch
Banquo and Macbeth, all hail!
Link: 1.3.71

Stay, you imperfect speakers, tell me more:
Link: 1.3.72
By Sinel's death I know I am thane of Glamis;
Link: 1.3.73
But how of Cawdor? the thane of Cawdor lives,
Link: 1.3.74
A prosperous gentleman; and to be king
Link: 1.3.75
Stands not within the prospect of belief,
Link: 1.3.76
No more than to be Cawdor. Say from whence
Link: 1.3.77
You owe this strange intelligence? or why
Link: 1.3.78
Upon this blasted heath you stop our way
Link: 1.3.79
With such prophetic greeting? Speak, I charge you.
Link: 1.3.80

Witches vanish

The earth hath bubbles, as the water has,
Link: 1.3.81
And these are of them. Whither are they vanish'd?
Link: 1.3.82

Into the air; and what seem'd corporal melted
Link: 1.3.83
As breath into the wind. Would they had stay'd!
Link: 1.3.84

Were such things here as we do speak about?
Link: 1.3.85
Or have we eaten on the insane root
Link: 1.3.86
That takes the reason prisoner?
Link: 1.3.87

Your children shall be kings.
Link: 1.3.88

You shall be king.
Link: 1.3.89

And thane of Cawdor too: went it not so?
Link: 1.3.90

To the selfsame tune and words. Who's here?
Link: 1.3.91

Enter ROSS and ANGUS

The king hath happily received, Macbeth,
Link: 1.3.92
The news of thy success; and when he reads
Link: 1.3.93
Thy personal venture in the rebels' fight,
Link: 1.3.94
His wonders and his praises do contend
Link: 1.3.95
Which should be thine or his: silenced with that,
Link: 1.3.96
In viewing o'er the rest o' the selfsame day,
Link: 1.3.97
He finds thee in the stout Norweyan ranks,
Link: 1.3.98
Nothing afeard of what thyself didst make,
Link: 1.3.99
Strange images of death. As thick as hail
Link: 1.3.100
Came post with post; and every one did bear
Link: 1.3.101
Thy praises in his kingdom's great defence,
Link: 1.3.102
And pour'd them down before him.
Link: 1.3.103

We are sent
Link: 1.3.104
To give thee from our royal master thanks;
Link: 1.3.105
Only to herald thee into his sight,
Link: 1.3.106
Not pay thee.
Link: 1.3.107

And, for an earnest of a greater honour,
Link: 1.3.108
He bade me, from him, call thee thane of Cawdor:
Link: 1.3.109
In which addition, hail, most worthy thane!
Link: 1.3.110
For it is thine.
Link: 1.3.111

What, can the devil speak true?
Link: 1.3.112

The thane of Cawdor lives: why do you dress me
Link: 1.3.113
In borrow'd robes?
Link: 1.3.114

Who was the thane lives yet;
Link: 1.3.115
But under heavy judgment bears that life
Link: 1.3.116
Which he deserves to lose. Whether he was combined
Link: 1.3.117
With those of Norway, or did line the rebel
Link: 1.3.118
With hidden help and vantage, or that with both
Link: 1.3.119
He labour'd in his country's wreck, I know not;
Link: 1.3.120
But treasons capital, confess'd and proved,
Link: 1.3.121
Have overthrown him.
Link: 1.3.122

(Aside) Glamis, and thane of Cawdor!
Link: 1.3.123
The greatest is behind.
Link: 1.3.124
Thanks for your pains.
Link: 1.3.125
Do you not hope your children shall be kings,
Link: 1.3.126
When those that gave the thane of Cawdor to me
Link: 1.3.127
Promised no less to them?
Link: 1.3.128

That trusted home
Link: 1.3.129
Might yet enkindle you unto the crown,
Link: 1.3.130
Besides the thane of Cawdor. But 'tis strange:
Link: 1.3.131
And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,
Link: 1.3.132
The instruments of darkness tell us truths,
Link: 1.3.133
Win us with honest trifles, to betray's
Link: 1.3.134
In deepest consequence.
Link: 1.3.135
Cousins, a word, I pray you.
Link: 1.3.136

(Aside) Two truths are told,
Link: 1.3.137
As happy prologues to the swelling act
Link: 1.3.138
Of the imperial theme.--I thank you, gentlemen.
Link: 1.3.139
(Aside) This supernatural soliciting
Link: 1.3.140
Cannot be ill, cannot be good: if ill,
Link: 1.3.141
Why hath it given me earnest of success,
Link: 1.3.142
Commencing in a truth? I am thane of Cawdor:
Link: 1.3.143
If good, why do I yield to that suggestion
Link: 1.3.144
Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair
Link: 1.3.145
And make my seated heart knock at my ribs,
Link: 1.3.146
Against the use of nature? Present fears
Link: 1.3.147
Are less than horrible imaginings:
Link: 1.3.148
My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical,
Link: 1.3.149
Shakes so my single state of man that function
Link: 1.3.150
Is smother'd in surmise, and nothing is
Link: 1.3.151
But what is not.
Link: 1.3.152

Look, how our partner's rapt.
Link: 1.3.153

(Aside) If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me,
Link: 1.3.154
Without my stir.
Link: 1.3.155

New horrors come upon him,
Link: 1.3.156
Like our strange garments, cleave not to their mould
Link: 1.3.157
But with the aid of use.
Link: 1.3.158

(Aside) Come what come may,
Link: 1.3.159
Time and the hour runs through the roughest day.
Link: 1.3.160

Worthy Macbeth, we stay upon your leisure.
Link: 1.3.161

Give me your favour: my dull brain was wrought
Link: 1.3.162
With things forgotten. Kind gentlemen, your pains
Link: 1.3.163
Are register'd where every day I turn
Link: 1.3.164
The leaf to read them. Let us toward the king.
Link: 1.3.165
Think upon what hath chanced, and, at more time,
Link: 1.3.166
The interim having weigh'd it, let us speak
Link: 1.3.167
Our free hearts each to other.
Link: 1.3.168

Very gladly.
Link: 1.3.169

Till then, enough. Come, friends.
Link: 1.3.170


SCENE IV. Forres. The palace.

In Scene 4 of Act 1, a group of characters discuss the recent events in Scotland. They discuss the rebellion against King Duncan and how it was quelled by Macbeth and Banquo. King Duncan is pleased with Macbeth's success and announces that he will be staying at Macbeth's castle that night. Macbeth and his wife Lady Macbeth receive the news and begin to plot their next move. Lady Macbeth urges Macbeth to kill King Duncan in order to seize the throne for themselves. Macbeth initially resists, but ultimately agrees to the plan.

The scene is significant because it sets up the central conflict of the play: Macbeth's ambition and his desire for power. It also introduces the character of Lady Macbeth, who is a driving force behind Macbeth's actions. The scene also foreshadows the violence and betrayal that will occur later in the play.

Flourish. Enter DUNCAN, MALCOLM, DONALBAIN, LENNOX, and Attendants

Is execution done on Cawdor? Are not
Link: 1.4.1
Those in commission yet return'd?
Link: 1.4.2

My liege,
Link: 1.4.3
They are not yet come back. But I have spoke
Link: 1.4.4
With one that saw him die: who did report
Link: 1.4.5
That very frankly he confess'd his treasons,
Link: 1.4.6
Implored your highness' pardon and set forth
Link: 1.4.7
A deep repentance: nothing in his life
Link: 1.4.8
Became him like the leaving it; he died
Link: 1.4.9
As one that had been studied in his death
Link: 1.4.10
To throw away the dearest thing he owed,
Link: 1.4.11
As 'twere a careless trifle.
Link: 1.4.12

There's no art
Link: 1.4.13
To find the mind's construction in the face:
Link: 1.4.14
He was a gentleman on whom I built
Link: 1.4.15
An absolute trust.
Link: 1.4.16
O worthiest cousin!
Link: 1.4.17
The sin of my ingratitude even now
Link: 1.4.18
Was heavy on me: thou art so far before
Link: 1.4.19
That swiftest wing of recompense is slow
Link: 1.4.20
To overtake thee. Would thou hadst less deserved,
Link: 1.4.21
That the proportion both of thanks and payment
Link: 1.4.22
Might have been mine! only I have left to say,
Link: 1.4.23
More is thy due than more than all can pay.
Link: 1.4.24

The service and the loyalty I owe,
Link: 1.4.25
In doing it, pays itself. Your highness' part
Link: 1.4.26
Is to receive our duties; and our duties
Link: 1.4.27
Are to your throne and state children and servants,
Link: 1.4.28
Which do but what they should, by doing every thing
Link: 1.4.29
Safe toward your love and honour.
Link: 1.4.30

Welcome hither:
Link: 1.4.31
I have begun to plant thee, and will labour
Link: 1.4.32
To make thee full of growing. Noble Banquo,
Link: 1.4.33
That hast no less deserved, nor must be known
Link: 1.4.34
No less to have done so, let me enfold thee
Link: 1.4.35
And hold thee to my heart.
Link: 1.4.36

There if I grow,
Link: 1.4.37
The harvest is your own.
Link: 1.4.38

My plenteous joys,
Link: 1.4.39
Wanton in fulness, seek to hide themselves
Link: 1.4.40
In drops of sorrow. Sons, kinsmen, thanes,
Link: 1.4.41
And you whose places are the nearest, know
Link: 1.4.42
We will establish our estate upon
Link: 1.4.43
Our eldest, Malcolm, whom we name hereafter
Link: 1.4.44
The Prince of Cumberland; which honour must
Link: 1.4.45
Not unaccompanied invest him only,
Link: 1.4.46
But signs of nobleness, like stars, shall shine
Link: 1.4.47
On all deservers. From hence to Inverness,
Link: 1.4.48
And bind us further to you.
Link: 1.4.49

The rest is labour, which is not used for you:
Link: 1.4.50
I'll be myself the harbinger and make joyful
Link: 1.4.51
The hearing of my wife with your approach;
Link: 1.4.52
So humbly take my leave.
Link: 1.4.53

My worthy Cawdor!
Link: 1.4.54

(Aside) The Prince of Cumberland! that is a step
Link: 1.4.55
On which I must fall down, or else o'erleap,
Link: 1.4.56
For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires;
Link: 1.4.57
Let not light see my black and deep desires:
Link: 1.4.58
The eye wink at the hand; yet let that be,
Link: 1.4.59
Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.
Link: 1.4.60


True, worthy Banquo; he is full so valiant,
Link: 1.4.61
And in his commendations I am fed;
Link: 1.4.62
It is a banquet to me. Let's after him,
Link: 1.4.63
Whose care is gone before to bid us welcome:
Link: 1.4.64
It is a peerless kinsman.
Link: 1.4.65

Flourish. Exeunt

SCENE V. Inverness. Macbeth's castle.

In Scene 5 of Act 1, a castle is being prepared for the arrival of King Duncan. Lady Macbeth receives a letter from her husband, Macbeth, informing her of his encounter with three witches who prophesized that he will become king. Lady Macbeth is excited about the news and begins to plot the murder of King Duncan in order to make Macbeth king.

When Macbeth arrives at the castle, Lady Macbeth urges him to act on their plan and kill King Duncan that night. Macbeth is hesitant at first, but Lady Macbeth convinces him by questioning his masculinity and bravery. She tells him to put on a false face and act innocent in order to deceive their guests.

As they wait for King Duncan to arrive, Lady Macbeth begins to feel guilty and paranoid. She imagines the blood on her hands and the screams of the innocent. However, she remains determined to go through with the plan and convinces Macbeth to follow through with it.

When King Duncan arrives at the castle, Lady Macbeth welcomes him warmly while Macbeth silently contemplates his plan. As the night progresses, Macbeth finally decides to go through with the murder and kills King Duncan in his sleep. Lady Macbeth helps him cover up the evidence and they frame the guards for the murder.

The scene ends with Lady Macbeth and Macbeth feeling a sense of relief and accomplishment, but also haunted by their guilt and the consequences of their actions.

Enter LADY MACBETH, reading a letter

'They met me in the day of success: and I have
Link: 1.5.1
learned by the perfectest report, they have more in
Link: 1.5.2
them than mortal knowledge. When I burned in desire
Link: 1.5.3
to question them further, they made themselves air,
Link: 1.5.4
into which they vanished. Whiles I stood rapt in
Link: 1.5.5
the wonder of it, came missives from the king, who
Link: 1.5.6
all-hailed me 'Thane of Cawdor;' by which title,
Link: 1.5.7
before, these weird sisters saluted me, and referred
Link: 1.5.8
me to the coming on of time, with 'Hail, king that
Link: 1.5.9
shalt be!' This have I thought good to deliver
Link: 1.5.10
thee, my dearest partner of greatness, that thou
Link: 1.5.11
mightst not lose the dues of rejoicing, by being
Link: 1.5.12
ignorant of what greatness is promised thee. Lay it
Link: 1.5.13
to thy heart, and farewell.'
Link: 1.5.14
Glamis thou art, and Cawdor; and shalt be
Link: 1.5.15
What thou art promised: yet do I fear thy nature;
Link: 1.5.16
It is too full o' the milk of human kindness
Link: 1.5.17
To catch the nearest way: thou wouldst be great;
Link: 1.5.18
Art not without ambition, but without
Link: 1.5.19
The illness should attend it: what thou wouldst highly,
Link: 1.5.20
That wouldst thou holily; wouldst not play false,
Link: 1.5.21
And yet wouldst wrongly win: thou'ldst have, great Glamis,
Link: 1.5.22
That which cries 'Thus thou must do, if thou have it;
Link: 1.5.23
And that which rather thou dost fear to do
Link: 1.5.24
Than wishest should be undone.' Hie thee hither,
Link: 1.5.25
That I may pour my spirits in thine ear;
Link: 1.5.26
And chastise with the valour of my tongue
Link: 1.5.27
All that impedes thee from the golden round,
Link: 1.5.28
Which fate and metaphysical aid doth seem
Link: 1.5.29
To have thee crown'd withal.
Link: 1.5.30
What is your tidings?
Link: 1.5.31

The king comes here to-night.
Link: 1.5.32

Thou'rt mad to say it:
Link: 1.5.33
Is not thy master with him? who, were't so,
Link: 1.5.34
Would have inform'd for preparation.
Link: 1.5.35

So please you, it is true: our thane is coming:
Link: 1.5.36
One of my fellows had the speed of him,
Link: 1.5.37
Who, almost dead for breath, had scarcely more
Link: 1.5.38
Than would make up his message.
Link: 1.5.39

Give him tending;
Link: 1.5.40
He brings great news.
Link: 1.5.41
The raven himself is hoarse
Link: 1.5.42
That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan
Link: 1.5.43
Under my battlements. Come, you spirits
Link: 1.5.44
That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,
Link: 1.5.45
And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full
Link: 1.5.46
Of direst cruelty! make thick my blood;
Link: 1.5.47
Stop up the access and passage to remorse,
Link: 1.5.48
That no compunctious visitings of nature
Link: 1.5.49
Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between
Link: 1.5.50
The effect and it! Come to my woman's breasts,
Link: 1.5.51
And take my milk for gall, you murdering ministers,
Link: 1.5.52
Wherever in your sightless substances
Link: 1.5.53
You wait on nature's mischief! Come, thick night,
Link: 1.5.54
And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell,
Link: 1.5.55
That my keen knife see not the wound it makes,
Link: 1.5.56
Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark,
Link: 1.5.57
To cry 'Hold, hold!'
Link: 1.5.58
Great Glamis! worthy Cawdor!
Link: 1.5.59
Greater than both, by the all-hail hereafter!
Link: 1.5.60
Thy letters have transported me beyond
Link: 1.5.61
This ignorant present, and I feel now
Link: 1.5.62
The future in the instant.
Link: 1.5.63

My dearest love,
Link: 1.5.64
Duncan comes here to-night.
Link: 1.5.65

And when goes hence?
Link: 1.5.66

To-morrow, as he purposes.
Link: 1.5.67

O, never
Link: 1.5.68
Shall sun that morrow see!
Link: 1.5.69
Your face, my thane, is as a book where men
Link: 1.5.70
May read strange matters. To beguile the time,
Link: 1.5.71
Look like the time; bear welcome in your eye,
Link: 1.5.72
Your hand, your tongue: look like the innocent flower,
Link: 1.5.73
But be the serpent under't. He that's coming
Link: 1.5.74
Must be provided for: and you shall put
Link: 1.5.75
This night's great business into my dispatch;
Link: 1.5.76
Which shall to all our nights and days to come
Link: 1.5.77
Give solely sovereign sway and masterdom.
Link: 1.5.78

We will speak further.
Link: 1.5.79

Only look up clear;
Link: 1.5.80
To alter favour ever is to fear:
Link: 1.5.81
Leave all the rest to me.
Link: 1.5.82


SCENE VI. Before Macbeth's castle.

Scene 6 of Act 1 begins with King Duncan arriving at Macbeth's castle with his sons and attendants. Lady Macbeth greets them and flatters the king, thanking him for coming. She leads them into the castle while expressing her true intentions in a soliloquy, revealing her desire for power and her willingness to do whatever it takes to achieve it.

Macbeth arrives and greets Duncan, who praises him as a valiant warrior and announces his plan to make his son, Malcolm, the heir to the throne. Macbeth is taken aback by this and begins to contemplate his own ambitions to become king. He delivers a soliloquy in which he reveals his inner turmoil, acknowledging that he desires the crown but is conflicted about the prospect of killing Duncan to obtain it.

Lady Macbeth enters and berates Macbeth for his weakness, calling him a coward and questioning his love for her. She manipulates him by questioning his masculinity and telling him that she would kill her own child if she had promised to do so. Macbeth eventually agrees to go through with the plan to kill Duncan, and Lady Macbeth sets the plan in motion.

Overall, this scene sets up the central conflict of the play - Macbeth's desire for power and his willingness to do whatever it takes to obtain it, even if it means betraying his king and committing murder. It also introduces the character of Lady Macbeth, who will play a pivotal role in manipulating Macbeth to achieve their shared goals.

Hautboys and torches. Enter DUNCAN, MALCOLM, DONALBAIN, BANQUO, LENNOX, MACDUFF, ROSS, ANGUS, and Attendants

This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air
Link: 1.6.1
Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself
Link: 1.6.2
Unto our gentle senses.
Link: 1.6.3

This guest of summer,
Link: 1.6.4
The temple-haunting martlet, does approve,
Link: 1.6.5
By his loved mansionry, that the heaven's breath
Link: 1.6.6
Smells wooingly here: no jutty, frieze,
Link: 1.6.7
Buttress, nor coign of vantage, but this bird
Link: 1.6.8
Hath made his pendent bed and procreant cradle:
Link: 1.6.9
Where they most breed and haunt, I have observed,
Link: 1.6.10
The air is delicate.
Link: 1.6.11


See, see, our honour'd hostess!
Link: 1.6.12
The love that follows us sometime is our trouble,
Link: 1.6.13
Which still we thank as love. Herein I teach you
Link: 1.6.14
How you shall bid God 'ild us for your pains,
Link: 1.6.15
And thank us for your trouble.
Link: 1.6.16

All our service
Link: 1.6.17
In every point twice done and then done double
Link: 1.6.18
Were poor and single business to contend
Link: 1.6.19
Against those honours deep and broad wherewith
Link: 1.6.20
Your majesty loads our house: for those of old,
Link: 1.6.21
And the late dignities heap'd up to them,
Link: 1.6.22
We rest your hermits.
Link: 1.6.23

Where's the thane of Cawdor?
Link: 1.6.24
We coursed him at the heels, and had a purpose
Link: 1.6.25
To be his purveyor: but he rides well;
Link: 1.6.26
And his great love, sharp as his spur, hath holp him
Link: 1.6.27
To his home before us. Fair and noble hostess,
Link: 1.6.28
We are your guest to-night.
Link: 1.6.29

Your servants ever
Link: 1.6.30
Have theirs, themselves and what is theirs, in compt,
Link: 1.6.31
To make their audit at your highness' pleasure,
Link: 1.6.32
Still to return your own.
Link: 1.6.33

Give me your hand;
Link: 1.6.34
Conduct me to mine host: we love him highly,
Link: 1.6.35
And shall continue our graces towards him.
Link: 1.6.36
By your leave, hostess.
Link: 1.6.37


SCENE VII. Macbeth's castle.

Scene 7 of Act 1 of this play depicts Macbeth's inner turmoil as he contemplates whether or not to carry out his plan to kill King Duncan. Macbeth has already been named Thane of Cawdor and he believes that he deserves more power. However, he is not sure if he wants to go through with the murder.

Macbeth's wife, Lady Macbeth, enters and tries to convince him to carry out the deed. She argues that Macbeth is too full of "the milk of human kindness" and that he needs to be more ruthless in order to gain power. Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth that she would be willing to kill her own child if it meant achieving their goals.

Macbeth is still hesitant but Lady Macbeth continues to persuade him. She questions his manhood and bravery, suggesting that only a coward would back down from such an opportunity. Macbeth eventually agrees to go through with the plan, but it is clear that he is deeply conflicted.

This scene is significant because it marks a turning point in the play. Macbeth's decision to kill King Duncan sets off a chain of events that lead to his downfall. It also highlights the theme of ambition and how it can corrupt even the most noble of individuals.

Hautboys and torches. Enter a Sewer, and divers Servants with dishes and service, and pass over the stage. Then enter MACBETH

If it were done when 'tis done, then 'twere well
Link: 1.7.1
It were done quickly: if the assassination
Link: 1.7.2
Could trammel up the consequence, and catch
Link: 1.7.3
With his surcease success; that but this blow
Link: 1.7.4
Might be the be-all and the end-all here,
Link: 1.7.5
But here, upon this bank and shoal of time,
Link: 1.7.6
We'ld jump the life to come. But in these cases
Link: 1.7.7
We still have judgment here; that we but teach
Link: 1.7.8
Bloody instructions, which, being taught, return
Link: 1.7.9
To plague the inventor: this even-handed justice
Link: 1.7.10
Commends the ingredients of our poison'd chalice
Link: 1.7.11
To our own lips. He's here in double trust;
Link: 1.7.12
First, as I am his kinsman and his subject,
Link: 1.7.13
Strong both against the deed; then, as his host,
Link: 1.7.14
Who should against his murderer shut the door,
Link: 1.7.15
Not bear the knife myself. Besides, this Duncan
Link: 1.7.16
Hath borne his faculties so meek, hath been
Link: 1.7.17
So clear in his great office, that his virtues
Link: 1.7.18
Will plead like angels, trumpet-tongued, against
Link: 1.7.19
The deep damnation of his taking-off;
Link: 1.7.20
And pity, like a naked new-born babe,
Link: 1.7.21
Striding the blast, or heaven's cherubim, horsed
Link: 1.7.22
Upon the sightless couriers of the air,
Link: 1.7.23
Shall blow the horrid deed in every eye,
Link: 1.7.24
That tears shall drown the wind. I have no spur
Link: 1.7.25
To prick the sides of my intent, but only
Link: 1.7.26
Vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself
Link: 1.7.27
And falls on the other.
Link: 1.7.28
How now! what news?
Link: 1.7.29

He has almost supp'd: why have you left the chamber?
Link: 1.7.30

Hath he ask'd for me?
Link: 1.7.31

Know you not he has?
Link: 1.7.32

We will proceed no further in this business:
Link: 1.7.33
He hath honour'd me of late; and I have bought
Link: 1.7.34
Golden opinions from all sorts of people,
Link: 1.7.35
Which would be worn now in their newest gloss,
Link: 1.7.36
Not cast aside so soon.
Link: 1.7.37

Was the hope drunk
Link: 1.7.38
Wherein you dress'd yourself? hath it slept since?
Link: 1.7.39
And wakes it now, to look so green and pale
Link: 1.7.40
At what it did so freely? From this time
Link: 1.7.41
Such I account thy love. Art thou afeard
Link: 1.7.42
To be the same in thine own act and valour
Link: 1.7.43
As thou art in desire? Wouldst thou have that
Link: 1.7.44
Which thou esteem'st the ornament of life,
Link: 1.7.45
And live a coward in thine own esteem,
Link: 1.7.46
Letting 'I dare not' wait upon 'I would,'
Link: 1.7.47
Like the poor cat i' the adage?
Link: 1.7.48

Prithee, peace:
Link: 1.7.49
I dare do all that may become a man;
Link: 1.7.50
Who dares do more is none.
Link: 1.7.51

What beast was't, then,
Link: 1.7.52
That made you break this enterprise to me?
Link: 1.7.53
When you durst do it, then you were a man;
Link: 1.7.54
And, to be more than what you were, you would
Link: 1.7.55
Be so much more the man. Nor time nor place
Link: 1.7.56
Did then adhere, and yet you would make both:
Link: 1.7.57
They have made themselves, and that their fitness now
Link: 1.7.58
Does unmake you. I have given suck, and know
Link: 1.7.59
How tender 'tis to love the babe that milks me:
Link: 1.7.60
I would, while it was smiling in my face,
Link: 1.7.61
Have pluck'd my nipple from his boneless gums,
Link: 1.7.62
And dash'd the brains out, had I so sworn as you
Link: 1.7.63
Have done to this.
Link: 1.7.64

If we should fail?
Link: 1.7.65

We fail!
Link: 1.7.66
But screw your courage to the sticking-place,
Link: 1.7.67
And we'll not fail. When Duncan is asleep--
Link: 1.7.68
Whereto the rather shall his day's hard journey
Link: 1.7.69
Soundly invite him--his two chamberlains
Link: 1.7.70
Will I with wine and wassail so convince
Link: 1.7.71
That memory, the warder of the brain,
Link: 1.7.72
Shall be a fume, and the receipt of reason
Link: 1.7.73
A limbeck only: when in swinish sleep
Link: 1.7.74
Their drenched natures lie as in a death,
Link: 1.7.75
What cannot you and I perform upon
Link: 1.7.76
The unguarded Duncan? what not put upon
Link: 1.7.77
His spongy officers, who shall bear the guilt
Link: 1.7.78
Of our great quell?
Link: 1.7.79

Bring forth men-children only;
Link: 1.7.80
For thy undaunted mettle should compose
Link: 1.7.81
Nothing but males. Will it not be received,
Link: 1.7.82
When we have mark'd with blood those sleepy two
Link: 1.7.83
Of his own chamber and used their very daggers,
Link: 1.7.84
That they have done't?
Link: 1.7.85

Who dares receive it other,
Link: 1.7.86
As we shall make our griefs and clamour roar
Link: 1.7.87
Upon his death?
Link: 1.7.88

I am settled, and bend up
Link: 1.7.89
Each corporal agent to this terrible feat.
Link: 1.7.90
Away, and mock the time with fairest show:
Link: 1.7.91
False face must hide what the false heart doth know.
Link: 1.7.92


Act II

Act 2 of Macbeth begins with Banquo and his son, Fleance, discussing their inability to sleep due to the strange happenings in the castle. Meanwhile, Macbeth is conflicted about whether or not to kill King Duncan, who is staying in the castle as a guest. He sees a vision of a bloody dagger and ultimately decides to carry out the murder.

Lady Macbeth drugs the guards and Macbeth enters King Duncan's chamber, killing him in his sleep. He is overcome with guilt and paranoia, fearing that the murder will be discovered. Lady Macbeth urges him to remain calm and place the blame on the guards.

Macduff, a nobleman, discovers the murder and raises the alarm. Macbeth, acting surprised, kills the guards and claims he did so out of anger. Suspicion begins to fall on Macbeth and Banquo becomes wary of his friend's actions.

The act ends with Macbeth and Lady Macbeth discussing their fears and the consequences of their actions. Macbeth realizes that he must continue to kill in order to maintain his power and Lady Macbeth resolves to do whatever it takes to protect their reign.

SCENE I. Court of Macbeth's castle.

In Scene 1 of Act 2, a courtier named Banquo and his son Fleance are walking in the courtyard of Macbeth's castle. Banquo talks about how he can't sleep because of the supernatural events that have been happening lately. He tells his son that if he were to have a prophecy, he would want it to be a good one.

Macbeth enters and Banquo tells him that the king has gone to bed and that he dreamt of the three witches who prophesied Macbeth's rise to power. Macbeth pretends not to care, but he is clearly shaken by the news. He tells Banquo that he has been thinking about the witches' prophecy and asks Banquo if he would like to talk about it. Banquo is hesitant, but Macbeth insists that they discuss it privately.

Once they are alone, Macbeth asks Banquo how he would feel if the prophecy were to come true. Banquo says that he would be happy for Macbeth, but he would also be wary of his own ambitions. Macbeth then asks Banquo if he would be willing to help him become king. Banquo says that he is loyal to the king and would never betray him, but Macbeth persists, saying that he has a plan to become king.

As they continue to talk, they hear a bell ring. Macbeth tells Banquo that it is a signal for him to go to the king's chamber. Banquo leaves, and Macbeth is left alone on stage. He sees a vision of a dagger in front of him and debates whether or not to follow it. He decides to go through with his plan to murder the king in order to fulfill the prophecy.

Enter BANQUO, and FLEANCE bearing a torch before him

How goes the night, boy?
Link: 2.1.1

The moon is down; I have not heard the clock.
Link: 2.1.2

And she goes down at twelve.
Link: 2.1.3

I take't, 'tis later, sir.
Link: 2.1.4

Hold, take my sword. There's husbandry in heaven;
Link: 2.1.5
Their candles are all out. Take thee that too.
Link: 2.1.6
A heavy summons lies like lead upon me,
Link: 2.1.7
And yet I would not sleep: merciful powers,
Link: 2.1.8
Restrain in me the cursed thoughts that nature
Link: 2.1.9
Gives way to in repose!
Link: 2.1.10
Give me my sword.
Link: 2.1.11
Who's there?
Link: 2.1.12

A friend.
Link: 2.1.13

What, sir, not yet at rest? The king's a-bed:
Link: 2.1.14
He hath been in unusual pleasure, and
Link: 2.1.15
Sent forth great largess to your offices.
Link: 2.1.16
This diamond he greets your wife withal,
Link: 2.1.17
By the name of most kind hostess; and shut up
Link: 2.1.18
In measureless content.
Link: 2.1.19

Being unprepared,
Link: 2.1.20
Our will became the servant to defect;
Link: 2.1.21
Which else should free have wrought.
Link: 2.1.22

All's well.
Link: 2.1.23
I dreamt last night of the three weird sisters:
Link: 2.1.24
To you they have show'd some truth.
Link: 2.1.25

I think not of them:
Link: 2.1.26
Yet, when we can entreat an hour to serve,
Link: 2.1.27
We would spend it in some words upon that business,
Link: 2.1.28
If you would grant the time.
Link: 2.1.29

At your kind'st leisure.
Link: 2.1.30

If you shall cleave to my consent, when 'tis,
Link: 2.1.31
It shall make honour for you.
Link: 2.1.32

So I lose none
Link: 2.1.33
In seeking to augment it, but still keep
Link: 2.1.34
My bosom franchised and allegiance clear,
Link: 2.1.35
I shall be counsell'd.
Link: 2.1.36

Good repose the while!
Link: 2.1.37

Thanks, sir: the like to you!
Link: 2.1.38


Go bid thy mistress, when my drink is ready,
Link: 2.1.39
She strike upon the bell. Get thee to bed.
Link: 2.1.40
Is this a dagger which I see before me,
Link: 2.1.41
The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee.
Link: 2.1.42
I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.
Link: 2.1.43
Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible
Link: 2.1.44
To feeling as to sight? or art thou but
Link: 2.1.45
A dagger of the mind, a false creation,
Link: 2.1.46
Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?
Link: 2.1.47
I see thee yet, in form as palpable
Link: 2.1.48
As this which now I draw.
Link: 2.1.49
Thou marshall'st me the way that I was going;
Link: 2.1.50
And such an instrument I was to use.
Link: 2.1.51
Mine eyes are made the fools o' the other senses,
Link: 2.1.52
Or else worth all the rest; I see thee still,
Link: 2.1.53
And on thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood,
Link: 2.1.54
Which was not so before. There's no such thing:
Link: 2.1.55
It is the bloody business which informs
Link: 2.1.56
Thus to mine eyes. Now o'er the one halfworld
Link: 2.1.57
Nature seems dead, and wicked dreams abuse
Link: 2.1.58
The curtain'd sleep; witchcraft celebrates
Link: 2.1.59
Pale Hecate's offerings, and wither'd murder,
Link: 2.1.60
Alarum'd by his sentinel, the wolf,
Link: 2.1.61
Whose howl's his watch, thus with his stealthy pace.
Link: 2.1.62
With Tarquin's ravishing strides, towards his design
Link: 2.1.63
Moves like a ghost. Thou sure and firm-set earth,
Link: 2.1.64
Hear not my steps, which way they walk, for fear
Link: 2.1.65
Thy very stones prate of my whereabout,
Link: 2.1.66
And take the present horror from the time,
Link: 2.1.67
Which now suits with it. Whiles I threat, he lives:
Link: 2.1.68
Words to the heat of deeds too cold breath gives.
Link: 2.1.69
I go, and it is done; the bell invites me.
Link: 2.1.70
Hear it not, Duncan; for it is a knell
Link: 2.1.71
That summons thee to heaven or to hell.
Link: 2.1.72


SCENE II. The same.

Scene 2 of Act 2 begins with Lady Macbeth waiting for her husband to return from killing King Duncan. She is anxious and nervous, constantly rubbing her hands together. When Macbeth finally arrives, he is clearly shaken by what he has done and is covered in blood. Lady Macbeth takes charge and tells him to go wash his hands and put on clean clothes so that nobody will suspect them.

While Macbeth is gone, Lady Macbeth hears a knocking at the door. She is worried that someone has discovered their secret and panics. When Macbeth returns, she scolds him for bringing the bloody daggers back with him and tells him to go put them back at the scene of the crime to make it look like someone else committed the murder.

As Macbeth leaves to do this, Lady Macbeth reflects on her own fear and doubts, but ultimately decides that they must continue on their path to gain power. When Macbeth returns, he is still visibly shaken and tells Lady Macbeth that he heard voices saying "Sleep no more!" and that he will never be able to sleep again. Lady Macbeth tries to calm him down and tells him that they just need to be strong and brave.

The scene ends with Macbeth and Lady Macbeth hearing a knocking at the door again, and Lady Macbeth tells him to go to bed and pretend like nothing is wrong while she goes to deal with whoever is at the door.


That which hath made them drunk hath made me bold;
Link: 2.2.1
What hath quench'd them hath given me fire.
Link: 2.2.2
Hark! Peace!
Link: 2.2.3
It was the owl that shriek'd, the fatal bellman,
Link: 2.2.4
Which gives the stern'st good-night. He is about it:
Link: 2.2.5
The doors are open; and the surfeited grooms
Link: 2.2.6
Do mock their charge with snores: I have drugg'd
Link: 2.2.7
their possets,
Link: 2.2.8
That death and nature do contend about them,
Link: 2.2.9
Whether they live or die.
Link: 2.2.10

(Within) Who's there? what, ho!
Link: 2.2.11

Alack, I am afraid they have awaked,
Link: 2.2.12
And 'tis not done. The attempt and not the deed
Link: 2.2.13
Confounds us. Hark! I laid their daggers ready;
Link: 2.2.14
He could not miss 'em. Had he not resembled
Link: 2.2.15
My father as he slept, I had done't.
Link: 2.2.16
My husband!
Link: 2.2.17

I have done the deed. Didst thou not hear a noise?
Link: 2.2.18

I heard the owl scream and the crickets cry.
Link: 2.2.19
Did not you speak?
Link: 2.2.20



As I descended?
Link: 2.2.23


Who lies i' the second chamber?
Link: 2.2.26

Link: 2.2.27

This is a sorry sight.
Link: 2.2.28

Looking on his hands

A foolish thought, to say a sorry sight.
Link: 2.2.29

There's one did laugh in's sleep, and one cried
Link: 2.2.30
Link: 2.2.31
That they did wake each other: I stood and heard them:
Link: 2.2.32
But they did say their prayers, and address'd them
Link: 2.2.33
Again to sleep.
Link: 2.2.34

There are two lodged together.
Link: 2.2.35

One cried 'God bless us!' and 'Amen' the other;
Link: 2.2.36
As they had seen me with these hangman's hands.
Link: 2.2.37
Listening their fear, I could not say 'Amen,'
Link: 2.2.38
When they did say 'God bless us!'
Link: 2.2.39

Consider it not so deeply.
Link: 2.2.40

But wherefore could not I pronounce 'Amen'?
Link: 2.2.41
I had most need of blessing, and 'Amen'
Link: 2.2.42
Stuck in my throat.
Link: 2.2.43

These deeds must not be thought
Link: 2.2.44
After these ways; so, it will make us mad.
Link: 2.2.45

Methought I heard a voice cry 'Sleep no more!
Link: 2.2.46
Macbeth does murder sleep', the innocent sleep,
Link: 2.2.47
Sleep that knits up the ravell'd sleeve of care,
Link: 2.2.48
The death of each day's life, sore labour's bath,
Link: 2.2.49
Balm of hurt minds, great nature's second course,
Link: 2.2.50
Chief nourisher in life's feast,--
Link: 2.2.51

What do you mean?
Link: 2.2.52

Still it cried 'Sleep no more!' to all the house:
Link: 2.2.53
'Glamis hath murder'd sleep, and therefore Cawdor
Link: 2.2.54
Shall sleep no more; Macbeth shall sleep no more.'
Link: 2.2.55

Who was it that thus cried? Why, worthy thane,
Link: 2.2.56
You do unbend your noble strength, to think
Link: 2.2.57
So brainsickly of things. Go get some water,
Link: 2.2.58
And wash this filthy witness from your hand.
Link: 2.2.59
Why did you bring these daggers from the place?
Link: 2.2.60
They must lie there: go carry them; and smear
Link: 2.2.61
The sleepy grooms with blood.
Link: 2.2.62

I'll go no more:
Link: 2.2.63
I am afraid to think what I have done;
Link: 2.2.64
Look on't again I dare not.
Link: 2.2.65

Infirm of purpose!
Link: 2.2.66
Give me the daggers: the sleeping and the dead
Link: 2.2.67
Are but as pictures: 'tis the eye of childhood
Link: 2.2.68
That fears a painted devil. If he do bleed,
Link: 2.2.69
I'll gild the faces of the grooms withal;
Link: 2.2.70
For it must seem their guilt.
Link: 2.2.71

Exit. Knocking within

Whence is that knocking?
Link: 2.2.72
How is't with me, when every noise appals me?
Link: 2.2.73
What hands are here? ha! they pluck out mine eyes.
Link: 2.2.74
Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood
Link: 2.2.75
Clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather
Link: 2.2.76
The multitudinous seas in incarnadine,
Link: 2.2.77
Making the green one red.
Link: 2.2.78


My hands are of your colour; but I shame
Link: 2.2.79
To wear a heart so white.
Link: 2.2.80
I hear a knocking
Link: 2.2.81
At the south entry: retire we to our chamber;
Link: 2.2.82
A little water clears us of this deed:
Link: 2.2.83
How easy is it, then! Your constancy
Link: 2.2.84
Hath left you unattended.
Link: 2.2.85
Hark! more knocking.
Link: 2.2.86
Get on your nightgown, lest occasion call us,
Link: 2.2.87
And show us to be watchers. Be not lost
Link: 2.2.88
So poorly in your thoughts.
Link: 2.2.89

To know my deed, 'twere best not know myself.
Link: 2.2.90
Wake Duncan with thy knocking! I would thou couldst!
Link: 2.2.91


SCENE III. The same.

Scene 3 of Act 2 opens with the Porter, who is the gatekeeper of Macbeth's castle, making a humorous and drunken speech about the effects of alcohol on a person's ability to perform sexually. He is interrupted by Macduff, a nobleman, who has arrived at the castle to meet with the king, Duncan. Macduff is accompanied by Lennox, another nobleman.

As they enter the castle, Macbeth appears and greets them. Macduff is suspicious of Macbeth's behavior, as he had previously been absent from the banquet held in honor of Duncan. Macbeth makes excuses for his absence, but Macduff remains skeptical.

As they continue to speak, Lady Macbeth enters and greets the noblemen. She is polite and gracious, but Macduff is still suspicious of Macbeth's behavior. Lady Macbeth invites them to join the banquet, and they agree.

As they leave, Macbeth is left alone on stage and begins to hallucinate. He sees a bloody dagger floating in front of him and hears strange voices. He realizes that he is about to commit a terrible crime and becomes even more agitated.

The scene ends with Macbeth exiting the stage to commit the murder of King Duncan.

Knocking within. Enter a Porter

Here's a knocking indeed! If a
Link: 2.3.1
man were porter of hell-gate, he should have
Link: 2.3.2
old turning the key.
Link: 2.3.3
Link: 2.3.4
knock, knock! Who's there, i' the name of
Link: 2.3.5
Beelzebub? Here's a farmer, that hanged
Link: 2.3.6
himself on the expectation of plenty: come in
Link: 2.3.7
time; have napkins enow about you; here
Link: 2.3.8
you'll sweat for't.
Link: 2.3.9
knock! Who's there, in the other devil's
Link: 2.3.11
name? Faith, here's an equivocator, that could
Link: 2.3.12
swear in both the scales against either scale;
Link: 2.3.13
who committed treason enough for God's sake,
Link: 2.3.14
yet could not equivocate to heaven: O, come
Link: 2.3.15
in, equivocator.
Link: 2.3.16
knock, knock! Who's there? Faith, here's an
Link: 2.3.18
English tailor come hither, for stealing out of
Link: 2.3.19
a French hose: come in, tailor; here you may
Link: 2.3.20
roast your goose.
Link: 2.3.21
knock; never at quiet! What are you? But
Link: 2.3.23
this place is too cold for hell. I'll devil-porter
Link: 2.3.24
it no further: I had thought to have let in
Link: 2.3.25
some of all professions that go the primrose
Link: 2.3.26
way to the everlasting bonfire.
Link: 2.3.27
Anon, anon! I pray you, remember the porter.
Link: 2.3.28

Opens the gate


Was it so late, friend, ere you went to bed,
Link: 2.3.29
That you do lie so late?
Link: 2.3.30

'Faith sir, we were carousing till the
Link: 2.3.31
second cock: and drink, sir, is a great
Link: 2.3.32
provoker of three things.
Link: 2.3.33

What three things does drink especially provoke?
Link: 2.3.34

Marry, sir, nose-painting, sleep, and
Link: 2.3.35
urine. Lechery, sir, it provokes, and unprovokes;
Link: 2.3.36
it provokes the desire, but it takes
Link: 2.3.37
away the performance: therefore, much drink
Link: 2.3.38
may be said to be an equivocator with lechery:
Link: 2.3.39
it makes him, and it mars him; it sets
Link: 2.3.40
him on, and it takes him off; it persuades him,
Link: 2.3.41
and disheartens him; makes him stand to, and
Link: 2.3.42
not stand to; in conclusion, equivocates him
Link: 2.3.43
in a sleep, and, giving him the lie, leaves him.
Link: 2.3.44

I believe drink gave thee the lie last night.
Link: 2.3.45

That it did, sir, i' the very throat on
Link: 2.3.46
me: but I requited him for his lie; and, I
Link: 2.3.47
think, being too strong for him, though he took
Link: 2.3.48
up my legs sometime, yet I made a shift to cast
Link: 2.3.49

Is thy master stirring?
Link: 2.3.51
Our knocking has awaked him; here he comes.
Link: 2.3.52

Good morrow, noble sir.
Link: 2.3.53

Good morrow, both.
Link: 2.3.54

Is the king stirring, worthy thane?
Link: 2.3.55

Not yet.
Link: 2.3.56

He did command me to call timely on him:
Link: 2.3.57
I have almost slipp'd the hour.
Link: 2.3.58

I'll bring you to him.
Link: 2.3.59

I know this is a joyful trouble to you;
Link: 2.3.60
But yet 'tis one.
Link: 2.3.61

The labour we delight in physics pain.
Link: 2.3.62
This is the door.
Link: 2.3.63

I'll make so bold to call,
Link: 2.3.64
For 'tis my limited service.
Link: 2.3.65


Goes the king hence to-day?
Link: 2.3.66

He does: he did appoint so.
Link: 2.3.67

The night has been unruly: where we lay,
Link: 2.3.68
Our chimneys were blown down; and, as they say,
Link: 2.3.69
Lamentings heard i' the air; strange screams of death,
Link: 2.3.70
And prophesying with accents terrible
Link: 2.3.71
Of dire combustion and confused events
Link: 2.3.72
New hatch'd to the woeful time: the obscure bird
Link: 2.3.73
Clamour'd the livelong night: some say, the earth
Link: 2.3.74
Was feverous and did shake.
Link: 2.3.75

'Twas a rough night.
Link: 2.3.76

My young remembrance cannot parallel
Link: 2.3.77
A fellow to it.
Link: 2.3.78

Re-enter MACDUFF

O horror, horror, horror! Tongue nor heart
Link: 2.3.79
Cannot conceive nor name thee!
Link: 2.3.80

What's the matter.
Link: 2.3.81

Confusion now hath made his masterpiece!
Link: 2.3.82
Most sacrilegious murder hath broke ope
Link: 2.3.83
The Lord's anointed temple, and stole thence
Link: 2.3.84
The life o' the building!
Link: 2.3.85

What is 't you say? the life?
Link: 2.3.86

Mean you his majesty?
Link: 2.3.87

Approach the chamber, and destroy your sight
Link: 2.3.88
With a new Gorgon: do not bid me speak;
Link: 2.3.89
See, and then speak yourselves.
Link: 2.3.90
Awake, awake!
Link: 2.3.91
Ring the alarum-bell. Murder and treason!
Link: 2.3.92
Banquo and Donalbain! Malcolm! awake!
Link: 2.3.93
Shake off this downy sleep, death's counterfeit,
Link: 2.3.94
And look on death itself! up, up, and see
Link: 2.3.95
The great doom's image! Malcolm! Banquo!
Link: 2.3.96
As from your graves rise up, and walk like sprites,
Link: 2.3.97
To countenance this horror! Ring the bell.
Link: 2.3.98

Bell rings


What's the business,
Link: 2.3.99
That such a hideous trumpet calls to parley
Link: 2.3.100
The sleepers of the house? speak, speak!
Link: 2.3.101

O gentle lady,
Link: 2.3.102
'Tis not for you to hear what I can speak:
Link: 2.3.103
The repetition, in a woman's ear,
Link: 2.3.104
Would murder as it fell.
Link: 2.3.105
O Banquo, Banquo,
Link: 2.3.106
Our royal master 's murder'd!
Link: 2.3.107

Woe, alas!
Link: 2.3.108
What, in our house?
Link: 2.3.109

Too cruel any where.
Link: 2.3.110
Dear Duff, I prithee, contradict thyself,
Link: 2.3.111
And say it is not so.
Link: 2.3.112

Re-enter MACBETH and LENNOX, with ROSS

Had I but died an hour before this chance,
Link: 2.3.113
I had lived a blessed time; for, from this instant,
Link: 2.3.114
There 's nothing serious in mortality:
Link: 2.3.115
All is but toys: renown and grace is dead;
Link: 2.3.116
The wine of life is drawn, and the mere lees
Link: 2.3.117
Is left this vault to brag of.
Link: 2.3.118


What is amiss?
Link: 2.3.119

You are, and do not know't:
Link: 2.3.120
The spring, the head, the fountain of your blood
Link: 2.3.121
Is stopp'd; the very source of it is stopp'd.
Link: 2.3.122

Your royal father 's murder'd.
Link: 2.3.123

O, by whom?
Link: 2.3.124

Those of his chamber, as it seem'd, had done 't:
Link: 2.3.125
Their hands and faces were an badged with blood;
Link: 2.3.126
So were their daggers, which unwiped we found
Link: 2.3.127
Upon their pillows:
Link: 2.3.128
They stared, and were distracted; no man's life
Link: 2.3.129
Was to be trusted with them.
Link: 2.3.130

O, yet I do repent me of my fury,
Link: 2.3.131
That I did kill them.
Link: 2.3.132

Wherefore did you so?
Link: 2.3.133

Who can be wise, amazed, temperate and furious,
Link: 2.3.134
Loyal and neutral, in a moment? No man:
Link: 2.3.135
The expedition my violent love
Link: 2.3.136
Outrun the pauser, reason. Here lay Duncan,
Link: 2.3.137
His silver skin laced with his golden blood;
Link: 2.3.138
And his gash'd stabs look'd like a breach in nature
Link: 2.3.139
For ruin's wasteful entrance: there, the murderers,
Link: 2.3.140
Steep'd in the colours of their trade, their daggers
Link: 2.3.141
Unmannerly breech'd with gore: who could refrain,
Link: 2.3.142
That had a heart to love, and in that heart
Link: 2.3.143
Courage to make 's love known?
Link: 2.3.144

Help me hence, ho!
Link: 2.3.145

Look to the lady.
Link: 2.3.146

(Aside to DONALBAIN) Why do we hold our tongues,
Link: 2.3.147
That most may claim this argument for ours?
Link: 2.3.148

(Aside to MALCOLM) What should be spoken here,
Link: 2.3.149
where our fate,
Link: 2.3.150
Hid in an auger-hole, may rush, and seize us?
Link: 2.3.151
Let 's away;
Link: 2.3.152
Our tears are not yet brew'd.
Link: 2.3.153

(Aside to DONALBAIN) Nor our strong sorrow
Link: 2.3.154
Upon the foot of motion.
Link: 2.3.155

Look to the lady:
Link: 2.3.156
And when we have our naked frailties hid,
Link: 2.3.157
That suffer in exposure, let us meet,
Link: 2.3.158
And question this most bloody piece of work,
Link: 2.3.159
To know it further. Fears and scruples shake us:
Link: 2.3.160
In the great hand of God I stand; and thence
Link: 2.3.161
Against the undivulged pretence I fight
Link: 2.3.162
Of treasonous malice.
Link: 2.3.163

And so do I.
Link: 2.3.164


Let's briefly put on manly readiness,
Link: 2.3.166
And meet i' the hall together.
Link: 2.3.167

Well contented.
Link: 2.3.168

Exeunt all but Malcolm and Donalbain

What will you do? Let's not consort with them:
Link: 2.3.169
To show an unfelt sorrow is an office
Link: 2.3.170
Which the false man does easy. I'll to England.
Link: 2.3.171

To Ireland, I; our separated fortune
Link: 2.3.172
Shall keep us both the safer: where we are,
Link: 2.3.173
There's daggers in men's smiles: the near in blood,
Link: 2.3.174
The nearer bloody.
Link: 2.3.175

This murderous shaft that's shot
Link: 2.3.176
Hath not yet lighted, and our safest way
Link: 2.3.177
Is to avoid the aim. Therefore, to horse;
Link: 2.3.178
And let us not be dainty of leave-taking,
Link: 2.3.179
But shift away: there's warrant in that theft
Link: 2.3.180
Which steals itself, when there's no mercy left.
Link: 2.3.181


SCENE IV. Outside Macbeth's castle.

Scene 4 of Act 2 of this famous play takes place outside Macbeth's castle. It is a dark and stormy night, with thunder and lightning illuminating the sky. Ross and an old man discuss the strange events that have been occurring since Duncan's death. They mention that horses have been eating each other, owls are screaming during the day, and Duncan's horses have gone wild and run away.

Macduff arrives and informs Ross that Macbeth has been named king and has gone to Scone to be crowned. Macduff also reveals that he did not attend the coronation and suspects that Macbeth killed Duncan. Ross tells him that he is going to Scone and Macduff decides to return home to Fife.

The old man then speaks in riddles, saying that he has seen strange things in his lifetime but nothing compares to the current state of affairs. He says that it is a sign of the times and that something wicked is coming. Ross and the old man exit the stage, leaving the audience with a sense of foreboding and unease.

Enter ROSS and an old Man

Old Man
Threescore and ten I can remember well:
Link: 2.4.1
Within the volume of which time I have seen
Link: 2.4.2
Hours dreadful and things strange; but this sore night
Link: 2.4.3
Hath trifled former knowings.
Link: 2.4.4

Ah, good father,
Link: 2.4.5
Thou seest, the heavens, as troubled with man's act,
Link: 2.4.6
Threaten his bloody stage: by the clock, 'tis day,
Link: 2.4.7
And yet dark night strangles the travelling lamp:
Link: 2.4.8
Is't night's predominance, or the day's shame,
Link: 2.4.9
That darkness does the face of earth entomb,
Link: 2.4.10
When living light should kiss it?
Link: 2.4.11

Old Man
'Tis unnatural,
Link: 2.4.12
Even like the deed that's done. On Tuesday last,
Link: 2.4.13
A falcon, towering in her pride of place,
Link: 2.4.14
Was by a mousing owl hawk'd at and kill'd.
Link: 2.4.15

And Duncan's horses--a thing most strange and certain--
Link: 2.4.16
Beauteous and swift, the minions of their race,
Link: 2.4.17
Turn'd wild in nature, broke their stalls, flung out,
Link: 2.4.18
Contending 'gainst obedience, as they would make
Link: 2.4.19
War with mankind.
Link: 2.4.20

Old Man
'Tis said they eat each other.
Link: 2.4.21

They did so, to the amazement of mine eyes
Link: 2.4.22
That look'd upon't. Here comes the good Macduff.
Link: 2.4.23
How goes the world, sir, now?
Link: 2.4.24

Why, see you not?
Link: 2.4.25

Is't known who did this more than bloody deed?
Link: 2.4.26

Those that Macbeth hath slain.
Link: 2.4.27

Alas, the day!
Link: 2.4.28
What good could they pretend?
Link: 2.4.29

They were suborn'd:
Link: 2.4.30
Malcolm and Donalbain, the king's two sons,
Link: 2.4.31
Are stol'n away and fled; which puts upon them
Link: 2.4.32
Suspicion of the deed.
Link: 2.4.33

'Gainst nature still!
Link: 2.4.34
Thriftless ambition, that wilt ravin up
Link: 2.4.35
Thine own life's means! Then 'tis most like
Link: 2.4.36
The sovereignty will fall upon Macbeth.
Link: 2.4.37

He is already named, and gone to Scone
Link: 2.4.38
To be invested.
Link: 2.4.39

Where is Duncan's body?
Link: 2.4.40

Carried to Colmekill,
Link: 2.4.41
The sacred storehouse of his predecessors,
Link: 2.4.42
And guardian of their bones.
Link: 2.4.43

Will you to Scone?
Link: 2.4.44

No, cousin, I'll to Fife.
Link: 2.4.45

Well, I will thither.
Link: 2.4.46

Well, may you see things well done there: adieu!
Link: 2.4.47
Lest our old robes sit easier than our new!
Link: 2.4.48

Farewell, father.
Link: 2.4.49

Old Man
God's benison go with you; and with those
Link: 2.4.50
That would make good of bad, and friends of foes!
Link: 2.4.51



Act 3 of Macbeth begins with Banquo expressing his suspicions about Macbeth's rise to power and his fear that he may have committed evil deeds to achieve it. Macbeth invites Banquo to a banquet, but secretly hires murderers to kill him and his son, Fleance.

During the banquet, Macbeth sees Banquo's ghost and becomes increasingly unstable. Lady Macbeth attempts to calm him down, but he becomes even more paranoid and decides to visit the witches for further guidance.

The witches give Macbeth three prophecies: to beware of Macduff, that no man born of a woman can harm him, and that he shall not be defeated until Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane. Macbeth is reassured by this, but decides to kill Macduff anyway as a precaution.

Meanwhile, Macduff has fled to England to seek help from King Edward and Malcolm. They plan to invade Scotland and overthrow Macbeth. Back in Scotland, Macbeth orders the murder of Macduff's family, including his wife and children.

The act ends with Macduff vowing to avenge his family's deaths and defeat Macbeth.

SCENE I. Forres. The palace.

Scene 1 of Act 3 starts with a conversation between Banquo and his son Fleance. They are walking through a dark path in a park discussing the three witches' prophecy. Banquo tells his son that the witches have predicted that Macbeth will become king, but he is still worried about the truth behind the prophecy. Banquo is suspicious of Macbeth's ambition and fears that he may have done something terrible to become king.

As they continue their walk, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth enter the scene. Macbeth invites Banquo to a feast that evening, and Banquo accepts the invitation. Macbeth then speaks to Banquo privately and reminds him of his loyalty to him. He also asks him about his travel plans, hoping to ensure that Banquo and his son leave before the murder he has planned.

After Banquo and Fleance leave, Macbeth is left alone to reflect on his plans. He sees a vision of a bloody dagger, which he believes is a sign that he must carry out his plan to kill Duncan. Lady Macbeth enters and finds Macbeth in a state of panic. She tries to calm him down and convinces him to go through with the plan. They both leave to prepare for the murder.

This scene is significant because it shows the increasing tension between Macbeth and Banquo, who were once close friends. It also highlights the guilt and paranoia that Macbeth is experiencing, which is causing him to see visions and act irrationally. Lady Macbeth, on the other hand, is becoming more ruthless and determined in her quest for power.


Thou hast it now: king, Cawdor, Glamis, all,
Link: 3.1.1
As the weird women promised, and, I fear,
Link: 3.1.2
Thou play'dst most foully for't: yet it was said
Link: 3.1.3
It should not stand in thy posterity,
Link: 3.1.4
But that myself should be the root and father
Link: 3.1.5
Of many kings. If there come truth from them--
Link: 3.1.6
As upon thee, Macbeth, their speeches shine--
Link: 3.1.7
Why, by the verities on thee made good,
Link: 3.1.8
May they not be my oracles as well,
Link: 3.1.9
And set me up in hope? But hush! no more.
Link: 3.1.10

Sennet sounded. Enter MACBETH, as king, LADY MACBETH, as queen, LENNOX, ROSS, Lords, Ladies, and Attendants

Here's our chief guest.
Link: 3.1.11

If he had been forgotten,
Link: 3.1.12
It had been as a gap in our great feast,
Link: 3.1.13
And all-thing unbecoming.
Link: 3.1.14

To-night we hold a solemn supper sir,
Link: 3.1.15
And I'll request your presence.
Link: 3.1.16

Let your highness
Link: 3.1.17
Command upon me; to the which my duties
Link: 3.1.18
Are with a most indissoluble tie
Link: 3.1.19
For ever knit.
Link: 3.1.20

Ride you this afternoon?
Link: 3.1.21

Ay, my good lord.
Link: 3.1.22

We should have else desired your good advice,
Link: 3.1.23
Which still hath been both grave and prosperous,
Link: 3.1.24
In this day's council; but we'll take to-morrow.
Link: 3.1.25
Is't far you ride?
Link: 3.1.26

As far, my lord, as will fill up the time
Link: 3.1.27
'Twixt this and supper: go not my horse the better,
Link: 3.1.28
I must become a borrower of the night
Link: 3.1.29
For a dark hour or twain.
Link: 3.1.30

Fail not our feast.
Link: 3.1.31

My lord, I will not.
Link: 3.1.32

We hear, our bloody cousins are bestow'd
Link: 3.1.33
In England and in Ireland, not confessing
Link: 3.1.34
Their cruel parricide, filling their hearers
Link: 3.1.35
With strange invention: but of that to-morrow,
Link: 3.1.36
When therewithal we shall have cause of state
Link: 3.1.37
Craving us jointly. Hie you to horse: adieu,
Link: 3.1.38
Till you return at night. Goes Fleance with you?
Link: 3.1.39

Ay, my good lord: our time does call upon 's.
Link: 3.1.40

I wish your horses swift and sure of foot;
Link: 3.1.41
And so I do commend you to their backs. Farewell.
Link: 3.1.42
Let every man be master of his time
Link: 3.1.43
Till seven at night: to make society
Link: 3.1.44
The sweeter welcome, we will keep ourself
Link: 3.1.45
Till supper-time alone: while then, God be with you!
Link: 3.1.46
Sirrah, a word with you: attend those men
Link: 3.1.47
Our pleasure?
Link: 3.1.48

They are, my lord, without the palace gate.
Link: 3.1.49

Bring them before us.
Link: 3.1.50
To be thus is nothing;
Link: 3.1.51
But to be safely thus.--Our fears in Banquo
Link: 3.1.52
Stick deep; and in his royalty of nature
Link: 3.1.53
Reigns that which would be fear'd: 'tis much he dares;
Link: 3.1.54
And, to that dauntless temper of his mind,
Link: 3.1.55
He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour
Link: 3.1.56
To act in safety. There is none but he
Link: 3.1.57
Whose being I do fear: and, under him,
Link: 3.1.58
My Genius is rebuked; as, it is said,
Link: 3.1.59
Mark Antony's was by Caesar. He chid the sisters
Link: 3.1.60
When first they put the name of king upon me,
Link: 3.1.61
And bade them speak to him: then prophet-like
Link: 3.1.62
They hail'd him father to a line of kings:
Link: 3.1.63
Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown,
Link: 3.1.64
And put a barren sceptre in my gripe,
Link: 3.1.65
Thence to be wrench'd with an unlineal hand,
Link: 3.1.66
No son of mine succeeding. If 't be so,
Link: 3.1.67
For Banquo's issue have I filed my mind;
Link: 3.1.68
For them the gracious Duncan have I murder'd;
Link: 3.1.69
Put rancours in the vessel of my peace
Link: 3.1.70
Only for them; and mine eternal jewel
Link: 3.1.71
Given to the common enemy of man,
Link: 3.1.72
To make them kings, the seed of Banquo kings!
Link: 3.1.73
Rather than so, come fate into the list.
Link: 3.1.74
And champion me to the utterance! Who's there!
Link: 3.1.75
Now go to the door, and stay there till we call.
Link: 3.1.76
Was it not yesterday we spoke together?
Link: 3.1.77

First Murderer
It was, so please your highness.
Link: 3.1.78

Well then, now
Link: 3.1.79
Have you consider'd of my speeches? Know
Link: 3.1.80
That it was he in the times past which held you
Link: 3.1.81
So under fortune, which you thought had been
Link: 3.1.82
Our innocent self: this I made good to you
Link: 3.1.83
In our last conference, pass'd in probation with you,
Link: 3.1.84
How you were borne in hand, how cross'd,
Link: 3.1.85
the instruments,
Link: 3.1.86
Who wrought with them, and all things else that might
Link: 3.1.87
To half a soul and to a notion crazed
Link: 3.1.88
Say 'Thus did Banquo.'
Link: 3.1.89

First Murderer
You made it known to us.
Link: 3.1.90

I did so, and went further, which is now
Link: 3.1.91
Our point of second meeting. Do you find
Link: 3.1.92
Your patience so predominant in your nature
Link: 3.1.93
That you can let this go? Are you so gospell'd
Link: 3.1.94
To pray for this good man and for his issue,
Link: 3.1.95
Whose heavy hand hath bow'd you to the grave
Link: 3.1.96
And beggar'd yours for ever?
Link: 3.1.97

First Murderer
We are men, my liege.
Link: 3.1.98

Ay, in the catalogue ye go for men;
Link: 3.1.99
As hounds and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, curs,
Link: 3.1.100
Shoughs, water-rugs and demi-wolves, are clept
Link: 3.1.101
All by the name of dogs: the valued file
Link: 3.1.102
Distinguishes the swift, the slow, the subtle,
Link: 3.1.103
The housekeeper, the hunter, every one
Link: 3.1.104
According to the gift which bounteous nature
Link: 3.1.105
Hath in him closed; whereby he does receive
Link: 3.1.106
Particular addition. from the bill
Link: 3.1.107
That writes them all alike: and so of men.
Link: 3.1.108
Now, if you have a station in the file,
Link: 3.1.109
Not i' the worst rank of manhood, say 't;
Link: 3.1.110
And I will put that business in your bosoms,
Link: 3.1.111
Whose execution takes your enemy off,
Link: 3.1.112
Grapples you to the heart and love of us,
Link: 3.1.113
Who wear our health but sickly in his life,
Link: 3.1.114
Which in his death were perfect.
Link: 3.1.115

Second Murderer
I am one, my liege,
Link: 3.1.116
Whom the vile blows and buffets of the world
Link: 3.1.117
Have so incensed that I am reckless what
Link: 3.1.118
I do to spite the world.
Link: 3.1.119

First Murderer
And I another
Link: 3.1.120
So weary with disasters, tugg'd with fortune,
Link: 3.1.121
That I would set my lie on any chance,
Link: 3.1.122
To mend it, or be rid on't.
Link: 3.1.123

Both of you
Link: 3.1.124
Know Banquo was your enemy.
Link: 3.1.125

Both Murderers
True, my lord.
Link: 3.1.126

So is he mine; and in such bloody distance,
Link: 3.1.127
That every minute of his being thrusts
Link: 3.1.128
Against my near'st of life: and though I could
Link: 3.1.129
With barefaced power sweep him from my sight
Link: 3.1.130
And bid my will avouch it, yet I must not,
Link: 3.1.131
For certain friends that are both his and mine,
Link: 3.1.132
Whose loves I may not drop, but wail his fall
Link: 3.1.133
Who I myself struck down; and thence it is,
Link: 3.1.134
That I to your assistance do make love,
Link: 3.1.135
Masking the business from the common eye
Link: 3.1.136
For sundry weighty reasons.
Link: 3.1.137

Second Murderer
We shall, my lord,
Link: 3.1.138
Perform what you command us.
Link: 3.1.139

First Murderer
Though our lives--
Link: 3.1.140

Your spirits shine through you. Within this hour at most
Link: 3.1.141
I will advise you where to plant yourselves;
Link: 3.1.142
Acquaint you with the perfect spy o' the time,
Link: 3.1.143
The moment on't; for't must be done to-night,
Link: 3.1.144
And something from the palace; always thought
Link: 3.1.145
That I require a clearness: and with him--
Link: 3.1.146
To leave no rubs nor botches in the work--
Link: 3.1.147
Fleance his son, that keeps him company,
Link: 3.1.148
Whose absence is no less material to me
Link: 3.1.149
Than is his father's, must embrace the fate
Link: 3.1.150
Of that dark hour. Resolve yourselves apart:
Link: 3.1.151
I'll come to you anon.
Link: 3.1.152

Both Murderers
We are resolved, my lord.
Link: 3.1.153

I'll call upon you straight: abide within.
Link: 3.1.154
It is concluded. Banquo, thy soul's flight,
Link: 3.1.155
If it find heaven, must find it out to-night.
Link: 3.1.156


SCENE II. The palace.

In Scene 2 of Act 3, two characters discuss their plans to murder another character. The first character is hesitant and expresses doubts about the plan, but the second character argues that it must be done in order to achieve their goals. The first character eventually agrees to go through with the plan.

The conversation takes place in a dark and eerie setting, adding to the ominous tone of the scene. The second character speaks in a persuasive and manipulative manner, using flattery and promises of power to convince the first character to participate in the murder. The first character is torn between loyalty to their friend and their own ambition.

The scene is filled with tension and foreshadowing, as the audience knows that the murder will have dire consequences for all involved. The dialogue is rich with symbolism and metaphors, adding to the complexity of the characters and their motivations. This scene is a pivotal moment in the play, setting the stage for the tragic events that will follow.

Enter LADY MACBETH and a Servant

Is Banquo gone from court?
Link: 3.2.1

Ay, madam, but returns again to-night.
Link: 3.2.2

Say to the king, I would attend his leisure
Link: 3.2.3
For a few words.
Link: 3.2.4

Madam, I will.
Link: 3.2.5


Nought's had, all's spent,
Link: 3.2.6
Where our desire is got without content:
Link: 3.2.7
'Tis safer to be that which we destroy
Link: 3.2.8
Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy.
Link: 3.2.9
How now, my lord! why do you keep alone,
Link: 3.2.10
Of sorriest fancies your companions making,
Link: 3.2.11
Using those thoughts which should indeed have died
Link: 3.2.12
With them they think on? Things without all remedy
Link: 3.2.13
Should be without regard: what's done is done.
Link: 3.2.14

We have scotch'd the snake, not kill'd it:
Link: 3.2.15
She'll close and be herself, whilst our poor malice
Link: 3.2.16
Remains in danger of her former tooth.
Link: 3.2.17
But let the frame of things disjoint, both the
Link: 3.2.18
worlds suffer,
Link: 3.2.19
Ere we will eat our meal in fear and sleep
Link: 3.2.20
In the affliction of these terrible dreams
Link: 3.2.21
That shake us nightly: better be with the dead,
Link: 3.2.22
Whom we, to gain our peace, have sent to peace,
Link: 3.2.23
Than on the torture of the mind to lie
Link: 3.2.24
In restless ecstasy. Duncan is in his grave;
Link: 3.2.25
After life's fitful fever he sleeps well;
Link: 3.2.26
Treason has done his worst: nor steel, nor poison,
Link: 3.2.27
Malice domestic, foreign levy, nothing,
Link: 3.2.28
Can touch him further.
Link: 3.2.29

Come on;
Link: 3.2.30
Gentle my lord, sleek o'er your rugged looks;
Link: 3.2.31
Be bright and jovial among your guests to-night.
Link: 3.2.32

So shall I, love; and so, I pray, be you:
Link: 3.2.33
Let your remembrance apply to Banquo;
Link: 3.2.34
Present him eminence, both with eye and tongue:
Link: 3.2.35
Unsafe the while, that we
Link: 3.2.36
Must lave our honours in these flattering streams,
Link: 3.2.37
And make our faces vizards to our hearts,
Link: 3.2.38
Disguising what they are.
Link: 3.2.39

You must leave this.
Link: 3.2.40

O, full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife!
Link: 3.2.41
Thou know'st that Banquo, and his Fleance, lives.
Link: 3.2.42

But in them nature's copy's not eterne.
Link: 3.2.43

There's comfort yet; they are assailable;
Link: 3.2.44
Then be thou jocund: ere the bat hath flown
Link: 3.2.45
His cloister'd flight, ere to black Hecate's summons
Link: 3.2.46
The shard-borne beetle with his drowsy hums
Link: 3.2.47
Hath rung night's yawning peal, there shall be done
Link: 3.2.48
A deed of dreadful note.
Link: 3.2.49

What's to be done?
Link: 3.2.50

Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck,
Link: 3.2.51
Till thou applaud the deed. Come, seeling night,
Link: 3.2.52
Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day;
Link: 3.2.53
And with thy bloody and invisible hand
Link: 3.2.54
Cancel and tear to pieces that great bond
Link: 3.2.55
Which keeps me pale! Light thickens; and the crow
Link: 3.2.56
Makes wing to the rooky wood:
Link: 3.2.57
Good things of day begin to droop and drowse;
Link: 3.2.58
While night's black agents to their preys do rouse.
Link: 3.2.59
Thou marvell'st at my words: but hold thee still;
Link: 3.2.60
Things bad begun make strong themselves by ill.
Link: 3.2.61
So, prithee, go with me.
Link: 3.2.62


SCENE III. A park near the palace.

In Scene 3 of Act 3, two murderers hired by Macbeth await the arrival of Banquo and his son, Fleance, in a deserted area. As they discuss their mission, a third murderer arrives, who is revealed to have been sent by Macbeth as well.

When Banquo and Fleance arrive, the murderers attack them. Banquo is killed, but Fleance manages to escape. As the murderers report back to Macbeth, he is relieved to hear that Banquo is dead but worried that Fleance may still pose a threat to his reign.

As the scene ends, Macbeth is haunted by the ghost of Banquo during a banquet, causing him to reveal his guilt and paranoia to his guests.

Enter three Murderers

First Murderer
But who did bid thee join with us?
Link: 3.3.1

Third Murderer
Link: 3.3.2

Second Murderer
He needs not our mistrust, since he delivers
Link: 3.3.3
Our offices and what we have to do
Link: 3.3.4
To the direction just.
Link: 3.3.5

First Murderer
Then stand with us.
Link: 3.3.6
The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day:
Link: 3.3.7
Now spurs the lated traveller apace
Link: 3.3.8
To gain the timely inn; and near approaches
Link: 3.3.9
The subject of our watch.
Link: 3.3.10

Third Murderer
Hark! I hear horses.
Link: 3.3.11

(Within) Give us a light there, ho!
Link: 3.3.12

Second Murderer
Then 'tis he: the rest
Link: 3.3.13
That are within the note of expectation
Link: 3.3.14
Already are i' the court.
Link: 3.3.15

First Murderer
His horses go about.
Link: 3.3.16

Third Murderer
Almost a mile: but he does usually,
Link: 3.3.17
So all men do, from hence to the palace gate
Link: 3.3.18
Make it their walk.
Link: 3.3.19

Second Murderer
A light, a light!
Link: 3.3.20

Enter BANQUO, and FLEANCE with a torch

Third Murderer
'Tis he.
Link: 3.3.21

First Murderer
Stand to't.
Link: 3.3.22

It will be rain to-night.
Link: 3.3.23

First Murderer
Let it come down.
Link: 3.3.24

They set upon BANQUO

O, treachery! Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly!
Link: 3.3.25
Thou mayst revenge. O slave!
Link: 3.3.26

Dies. FLEANCE escapes

Third Murderer
Who did strike out the light?
Link: 3.3.27

First Murderer
Wast not the way?
Link: 3.3.28

Third Murderer
There's but one down; the son is fled.
Link: 3.3.29

Second Murderer
We have lost
Link: 3.3.30
Best half of our affair.
Link: 3.3.31

First Murderer
Well, let's away, and say how much is done.
Link: 3.3.32


SCENE IV. The same. Hall in the palace.

Scene 4 of Act 3 features a conversation between Ross and an old man. They discuss the strange events that have been happening since Macbeth became king, including the murder of Duncan and Banquo. The old man describes how the world seems to be turning upside down, with horses eating each other and an owl killing a falcon. Ross agrees that something is terribly wrong, and wonders if God has abandoned Scotland.

The two men are interrupted by the arrival of Macduff, who is still in shock over the murder of his family. Ross and the old man try to comfort him, but Macduff is filled with rage and vows revenge against Macbeth. He declares that he will join forces with Malcolm, the rightful heir to the throne, and together they will overthrow Macbeth and restore order to Scotland.

This scene is significant because it shows the growing unrest in Scotland and the increasing opposition to Macbeth's reign. It also highlights the theme of disorder and chaos that runs throughout the play, as the natural world reflects the turmoil in the political realm. Macduff's determination to avenge his family sets the stage for the final battle between Macbeth and his enemies, which ultimately leads to his downfall.

A banquet prepared. Enter MACBETH, LADY MACBETH, ROSS, LENNOX, Lords, and Attendants

You know your own degrees; sit down: at first
Link: 3.4.1
And last the hearty welcome.
Link: 3.4.2

Thanks to your majesty.
Link: 3.4.3

Ourself will mingle with society,
Link: 3.4.4
And play the humble host.
Link: 3.4.5
Our hostess keeps her state, but in best time
Link: 3.4.6
We will require her welcome.
Link: 3.4.7

Pronounce it for me, sir, to all our friends;
Link: 3.4.8
For my heart speaks they are welcome.
Link: 3.4.9

First Murderer appears at the door

See, they encounter thee with their hearts' thanks.
Link: 3.4.10
Both sides are even: here I'll sit i' the midst:
Link: 3.4.11
Be large in mirth; anon we'll drink a measure
Link: 3.4.12
The table round.
Link: 3.4.13
There's blood on thy face.
Link: 3.4.14

First Murderer
'Tis Banquo's then.
Link: 3.4.15

'Tis better thee without than he within.
Link: 3.4.16
Is he dispatch'd?
Link: 3.4.17

First Murderer
My lord, his throat is cut; that I did for him.
Link: 3.4.18

Thou art the best o' the cut-throats: yet he's good
Link: 3.4.19
That did the like for Fleance: if thou didst it,
Link: 3.4.20
Thou art the nonpareil.
Link: 3.4.21

First Murderer
Most royal sir,
Link: 3.4.22
Fleance is 'scaped.
Link: 3.4.23

Then comes my fit again: I had else been perfect,
Link: 3.4.24
Whole as the marble, founded as the rock,
Link: 3.4.25
As broad and general as the casing air:
Link: 3.4.26
But now I am cabin'd, cribb'd, confined, bound in
Link: 3.4.27
To saucy doubts and fears. But Banquo's safe?
Link: 3.4.28

First Murderer
Ay, my good lord: safe in a ditch he bides,
Link: 3.4.29
With twenty trenched gashes on his head;
Link: 3.4.30
The least a death to nature.
Link: 3.4.31

Thanks for that:
Link: 3.4.32
There the grown serpent lies; the worm that's fled
Link: 3.4.33
Hath nature that in time will venom breed,
Link: 3.4.34
No teeth for the present. Get thee gone: to-morrow
Link: 3.4.35
We'll hear, ourselves, again.
Link: 3.4.36

Exit Murderer

My royal lord,
Link: 3.4.37
You do not give the cheer: the feast is sold
Link: 3.4.38
That is not often vouch'd, while 'tis a-making,
Link: 3.4.39
'Tis given with welcome: to feed were best at home;
Link: 3.4.40
From thence the sauce to meat is ceremony;
Link: 3.4.41
Meeting were bare without it.
Link: 3.4.42

Sweet remembrancer!
Link: 3.4.43
Now, good digestion wait on appetite,
Link: 3.4.44
And health on both!
Link: 3.4.45

May't please your highness sit.
Link: 3.4.46

The GHOST OF BANQUO enters, and sits in MACBETH's place

Here had we now our country's honour roof'd,
Link: 3.4.47
Were the graced person of our Banquo present;
Link: 3.4.48
Who may I rather challenge for unkindness
Link: 3.4.49
Than pity for mischance!
Link: 3.4.50

His absence, sir,
Link: 3.4.51
Lays blame upon his promise. Please't your highness
Link: 3.4.52
To grace us with your royal company.
Link: 3.4.53

The table's full.
Link: 3.4.54

Here is a place reserved, sir.
Link: 3.4.55


Here, my good lord. What is't that moves your highness?
Link: 3.4.57

Which of you have done this?
Link: 3.4.58

What, my good lord?
Link: 3.4.59

Thou canst not say I did it: never shake
Link: 3.4.60
Thy gory locks at me.
Link: 3.4.61

Gentlemen, rise: his highness is not well.
Link: 3.4.62

Sit, worthy friends: my lord is often thus,
Link: 3.4.63
And hath been from his youth: pray you, keep seat;
Link: 3.4.64
The fit is momentary; upon a thought
Link: 3.4.65
He will again be well: if much you note him,
Link: 3.4.66
You shall offend him and extend his passion:
Link: 3.4.67
Feed, and regard him not. Are you a man?
Link: 3.4.68

Ay, and a bold one, that dare look on that
Link: 3.4.69
Which might appal the devil.
Link: 3.4.70

O proper stuff!
Link: 3.4.71
This is the very painting of your fear:
Link: 3.4.72
This is the air-drawn dagger which, you said,
Link: 3.4.73
Led you to Duncan. O, these flaws and starts,
Link: 3.4.74
Impostors to true fear, would well become
Link: 3.4.75
A woman's story at a winter's fire,
Link: 3.4.76
Authorized by her grandam. Shame itself!
Link: 3.4.77
Why do you make such faces? When all's done,
Link: 3.4.78
You look but on a stool.
Link: 3.4.79

Prithee, see there! behold! look! lo!
Link: 3.4.80
how say you?
Link: 3.4.81
Why, what care I? If thou canst nod, speak too.
Link: 3.4.82
If charnel-houses and our graves must send
Link: 3.4.83
Those that we bury back, our monuments
Link: 3.4.84
Shall be the maws of kites.
Link: 3.4.85


What, quite unmann'd in folly?
Link: 3.4.86

If I stand here, I saw him.
Link: 3.4.87

Fie, for shame!
Link: 3.4.88

Blood hath been shed ere now, i' the olden time,
Link: 3.4.89
Ere human statute purged the gentle weal;
Link: 3.4.90
Ay, and since too, murders have been perform'd
Link: 3.4.91
Too terrible for the ear: the times have been,
Link: 3.4.92
That, when the brains were out, the man would die,
Link: 3.4.93
And there an end; but now they rise again,
Link: 3.4.94
With twenty mortal murders on their crowns,
Link: 3.4.95
And push us from our stools: this is more strange
Link: 3.4.96
Than such a murder is.
Link: 3.4.97

My worthy lord,
Link: 3.4.98
Your noble friends do lack you.
Link: 3.4.99

I do forget.
Link: 3.4.100
Do not muse at me, my most worthy friends,
Link: 3.4.101
I have a strange infirmity, which is nothing
Link: 3.4.102
To those that know me. Come, love and health to all;
Link: 3.4.103
Then I'll sit down. Give me some wine; fill full.
Link: 3.4.104
I drink to the general joy o' the whole table,
Link: 3.4.105
And to our dear friend Banquo, whom we miss;
Link: 3.4.106
Would he were here! to all, and him, we thirst,
Link: 3.4.107
And all to all.
Link: 3.4.108

Our duties, and the pledge.
Link: 3.4.109


Avaunt! and quit my sight! let the earth hide thee!
Link: 3.4.110
Thy bones are marrowless, thy blood is cold;
Link: 3.4.111
Thou hast no speculation in those eyes
Link: 3.4.112
Which thou dost glare with!
Link: 3.4.113

Think of this, good peers,
Link: 3.4.114
But as a thing of custom: 'tis no other;
Link: 3.4.115
Only it spoils the pleasure of the time.
Link: 3.4.116

What man dare, I dare:
Link: 3.4.117
Approach thou like the rugged Russian bear,
Link: 3.4.118
The arm'd rhinoceros, or the Hyrcan tiger;
Link: 3.4.119
Take any shape but that, and my firm nerves
Link: 3.4.120
Shall never tremble: or be alive again,
Link: 3.4.121
And dare me to the desert with thy sword;
Link: 3.4.122
If trembling I inhabit then, protest me
Link: 3.4.123
The baby of a girl. Hence, horrible shadow!
Link: 3.4.124
Unreal mockery, hence!
Link: 3.4.125
Why, so: being gone,
Link: 3.4.126
I am a man again. Pray you, sit still.
Link: 3.4.127

You have displaced the mirth, broke the good meeting,
Link: 3.4.128
With most admired disorder.
Link: 3.4.129

Can such things be,
Link: 3.4.130
And overcome us like a summer's cloud,
Link: 3.4.131
Without our special wonder? You make me strange
Link: 3.4.132
Even to the disposition that I owe,
Link: 3.4.133
When now I think you can behold such sights,
Link: 3.4.134
And keep the natural ruby of your cheeks,
Link: 3.4.135
When mine is blanched with fear.
Link: 3.4.136

What sights, my lord?
Link: 3.4.137

I pray you, speak not; he grows worse and worse;
Link: 3.4.138
Question enrages him. At once, good night:
Link: 3.4.139
Stand not upon the order of your going,
Link: 3.4.140
But go at once.
Link: 3.4.141

Good night; and better health
Link: 3.4.142
Attend his majesty!
Link: 3.4.143

A kind good night to all!
Link: 3.4.144

Exeunt all but MACBETH and LADY MACBETH

It will have blood; they say, blood will have blood:
Link: 3.4.145
Stones have been known to move and trees to speak;
Link: 3.4.146
Augurs and understood relations have
Link: 3.4.147
By magot-pies and choughs and rooks brought forth
Link: 3.4.148
The secret'st man of blood. What is the night?
Link: 3.4.149

Almost at odds with morning, which is which.
Link: 3.4.150

How say'st thou, that Macduff denies his person
Link: 3.4.151
At our great bidding?
Link: 3.4.152

Did you send to him, sir?
Link: 3.4.153

I hear it by the way; but I will send:
Link: 3.4.154
There's not a one of them but in his house
Link: 3.4.155
I keep a servant fee'd. I will to-morrow,
Link: 3.4.156
And betimes I will, to the weird sisters:
Link: 3.4.157
More shall they speak; for now I am bent to know,
Link: 3.4.158
By the worst means, the worst. For mine own good,
Link: 3.4.159
All causes shall give way: I am in blood
Link: 3.4.160
Stepp'd in so far that, should I wade no more,
Link: 3.4.161
Returning were as tedious as go o'er:
Link: 3.4.162
Strange things I have in head, that will to hand;
Link: 3.4.163
Which must be acted ere they may be scann'd.
Link: 3.4.164

You lack the season of all natures, sleep.
Link: 3.4.165

Come, we'll to sleep. My strange and self-abuse
Link: 3.4.166
Is the initiate fear that wants hard use:
Link: 3.4.167
We are yet but young in deed.
Link: 3.4.168


SCENE V. A Heath.

Scene 5 of Act 3 of this play opens with Lady Macbeth reading a letter from her husband. She reads aloud that Macbeth has encountered three witches who have prophesied that he will become the King of Scotland. Lady Macbeth then expresses her desire to help her husband become king, stating that he is too full of "the milk of human kindness" to take the necessary actions to make it happen. A messenger then arrives to inform Lady Macbeth that King Duncan will be staying at their castle that evening.

Lady Macbeth immediately begins to plot Duncan's murder, saying that she will drug the king's guards so that Macbeth can enter Duncan's chamber undetected. Macbeth then enters, and Lady Macbeth tells him of her plan. Macbeth is hesitant, but Lady Macbeth convinces him to go through with it.

As they prepare for the murder, Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth to put on a facade of kindness and hospitality, so as not to arouse suspicion. Macbeth agrees, but expresses his unease about the murder, saying that even the "heavenly powers" will be angered by it. Lady Macbeth then tells him to "screw your courage to the sticking-place" and be resolute in his actions.

The scene ends with Lady Macbeth leading Macbeth away to carry out their plan, with Macbeth stating that they will proceed despite his doubts and fears.

Thunder. Enter the three Witches meeting HECATE

First Witch
Why, how now, Hecate! you look angerly.
Link: 3.5.1

Have I not reason, beldams as you are,
Link: 3.5.2
Saucy and overbold? How did you dare
Link: 3.5.3
To trade and traffic with Macbeth
Link: 3.5.4
In riddles and affairs of death;
Link: 3.5.5
And I, the mistress of your charms,
Link: 3.5.6
The close contriver of all harms,
Link: 3.5.7
Was never call'd to bear my part,
Link: 3.5.8
Or show the glory of our art?
Link: 3.5.9
And, which is worse, all you have done
Link: 3.5.10
Hath been but for a wayward son,
Link: 3.5.11
Spiteful and wrathful, who, as others do,
Link: 3.5.12
Loves for his own ends, not for you.
Link: 3.5.13
But make amends now: get you gone,
Link: 3.5.14
And at the pit of Acheron
Link: 3.5.15
Meet me i' the morning: thither he
Link: 3.5.16
Will come to know his destiny:
Link: 3.5.17
Your vessels and your spells provide,
Link: 3.5.18
Your charms and every thing beside.
Link: 3.5.19
I am for the air; this night I'll spend
Link: 3.5.20
Unto a dismal and a fatal end:
Link: 3.5.21
Great business must be wrought ere noon:
Link: 3.5.22
Upon the corner of the moon
Link: 3.5.23
There hangs a vaporous drop profound;
Link: 3.5.24
I'll catch it ere it come to ground:
Link: 3.5.25
And that distill'd by magic sleights
Link: 3.5.26
Shall raise such artificial sprites
Link: 3.5.27
As by the strength of their illusion
Link: 3.5.28
Shall draw him on to his confusion:
Link: 3.5.29
He shall spurn fate, scorn death, and bear
Link: 3.5.30
He hopes 'bove wisdom, grace and fear:
Link: 3.5.31
And you all know, security
Link: 3.5.32
Is mortals' chiefest enemy.
Link: 3.5.33
Hark! I am call'd; my little spirit, see,
Link: 3.5.34
Sits in a foggy cloud, and stays for me.
Link: 3.5.35


First Witch
Come, let's make haste; she'll soon be back again.
Link: 3.5.36


SCENE VI. Forres. The palace.

Scene 6 of Act 3 of the play follows the entry of Lennox into the palace courtyard. He engages in a conversation with another Lord, discussing the strange occurrences that have been happening lately. They talk about the murders of Duncan, Banquo, and Fleance, as well as the strange behavior of Macbeth. Lennox notes that Macbeth has become increasingly paranoid and is now hiring murderers to kill anyone he perceives as a threat.

The Lord agrees with Lennox, expressing his concern about the state of the country under Macbeth's rule. They both believe that Macbeth is not fit to be king and that his actions are causing chaos and instability in the kingdom. Lennox then tells the Lord that he plans to leave Scotland to join Malcolm, who he believes is the rightful heir to the throne.

The scene ends with the Lord warning Lennox to be careful and not to reveal his true intentions, as Macbeth is becoming increasingly suspicious of those around him. He also notes that Macbeth's downfall is inevitable, as he has angered both God and the natural order of things by committing such heinous acts.

Enter LENNOX and another Lord

My former speeches have but hit your thoughts,
Link: 3.6.1
Which can interpret further: only, I say,
Link: 3.6.2
Things have been strangely borne. The
Link: 3.6.3
gracious Duncan
Link: 3.6.4
Was pitied of Macbeth: marry, he was dead:
Link: 3.6.5
And the right-valiant Banquo walk'd too late;
Link: 3.6.6
Whom, you may say, if't please you, Fleance kill'd,
Link: 3.6.7
For Fleance fled: men must not walk too late.
Link: 3.6.8
Who cannot want the thought how monstrous
Link: 3.6.9
It was for Malcolm and for Donalbain
Link: 3.6.10
To kill their gracious father? damned fact!
Link: 3.6.11
How it did grieve Macbeth! did he not straight
Link: 3.6.12
In pious rage the two delinquents tear,
Link: 3.6.13
That were the slaves of drink and thralls of sleep?
Link: 3.6.14
Was not that nobly done? Ay, and wisely too;
Link: 3.6.15
For 'twould have anger'd any heart alive
Link: 3.6.16
To hear the men deny't. So that, I say,
Link: 3.6.17
He has borne all things well: and I do think
Link: 3.6.18
That had he Duncan's sons under his key--
Link: 3.6.19
As, an't please heaven, he shall not--they
Link: 3.6.20
should find
Link: 3.6.21
What 'twere to kill a father; so should Fleance.
Link: 3.6.22
But, peace! for from broad words and 'cause he fail'd
Link: 3.6.23
His presence at the tyrant's feast, I hear
Link: 3.6.24
Macduff lives in disgrace: sir, can you tell
Link: 3.6.25
Where he bestows himself?
Link: 3.6.26

The son of Duncan,
Link: 3.6.27
From whom this tyrant holds the due of birth
Link: 3.6.28
Lives in the English court, and is received
Link: 3.6.29
Of the most pious Edward with such grace
Link: 3.6.30
That the malevolence of fortune nothing
Link: 3.6.31
Takes from his high respect: thither Macduff
Link: 3.6.32
Is gone to pray the holy king, upon his aid
Link: 3.6.33
To wake Northumberland and warlike Siward:
Link: 3.6.34
That, by the help of these--with Him above
Link: 3.6.35
To ratify the work--we may again
Link: 3.6.36
Give to our tables meat, sleep to our nights,
Link: 3.6.37
Free from our feasts and banquets bloody knives,
Link: 3.6.38
Do faithful homage and receive free honours:
Link: 3.6.39
All which we pine for now: and this report
Link: 3.6.40
Hath so exasperate the king that he
Link: 3.6.41
Prepares for some attempt of war.
Link: 3.6.42

Sent he to Macduff?
Link: 3.6.43

He did: and with an absolute 'Sir, not I,'
Link: 3.6.44
The cloudy messenger turns me his back,
Link: 3.6.45
And hums, as who should say 'You'll rue the time
Link: 3.6.46
That clogs me with this answer.'
Link: 3.6.47

And that well might
Link: 3.6.48
Advise him to a caution, to hold what distance
Link: 3.6.49
His wisdom can provide. Some holy angel
Link: 3.6.50
Fly to the court of England and unfold
Link: 3.6.51
His message ere he come, that a swift blessing
Link: 3.6.52
May soon return to this our suffering country
Link: 3.6.53
Under a hand accursed!
Link: 3.6.54

I'll send my prayers with him.
Link: 3.6.55


Act IV

Act 4 of Macbeth begins with the three witches conjuring spirits and predicting the future for Macbeth. They inform him that he should beware of Macduff and that no one born of woman can harm him. They also show him a vision of Banquo's descendants sitting on the throne, which angers Macbeth.

Macbeth then orders the murder of Macduff's family and all those who oppose him. Lady Macduff and her children are killed while Macduff is away in England seeking help from King Edward. Ross delivers the news to Macduff who is devastated.

Meanwhile, in England, Malcolm and Macduff plot to overthrow Macbeth. Malcolm tests Macduff's loyalty by pretending to be a worse tyrant than Macbeth. Macduff is horrified and convinced of Malcolm's sincerity. They gather an army and prepare to attack Macbeth's castle.

Back in Scotland, Lady Macbeth is consumed by guilt and begins to sleepwalk and hallucinate. She relives the night of Duncan's murder and tries to wash the imaginary blood off her hands. The doctor and Lady Macbeth's gentlewoman observe her strange behavior.

Act 4 ends with the approaching battle between Macbeth's army and Malcolm's army. Macbeth is confident in his invincibility but is unaware of the true nature of Macduff's birth, which will ultimately lead to his downfall.

SCENE I. A cavern. In the middle, a boiling cauldron.

Act 4, Scene 1 of Macbeth opens with a group of witches gathered around a cauldron, chanting and preparing a strange concoction. They are joined by Macbeth, who demands that they show him his fate. The witches agree to grant his request, and proceed to conjure up three apparitions.

The first apparition is a floating head, which warns Macbeth to beware of Macduff. The second is a bloody child, who tells Macbeth that no man born of a woman can harm him. The third is a crowned child, who assures Macbeth that he will not be defeated until Birnam Wood moves to Dunsinane.

Macbeth is initially relieved by the prophecies, but becomes increasingly agitated as he realizes that they are not entirely clear. He demands more answers from the witches, but they disappear, leaving him alone and confused.

As Macbeth ponders the meaning of the apparitions, Ross arrives with news that Macduff has fled to England. Enraged by this perceived betrayal, Macbeth orders the murder of Macduff's family and all those who remain loyal to him. Lady Macbeth, meanwhile, is consumed by guilt and madness, and the kingdom begins to spiral into chaos.

Thunder. Enter the three Witches

First Witch
Thrice the brinded cat hath mew'd.
Link: 4.1.1

Second Witch
Thrice and once the hedge-pig whined.
Link: 4.1.2

Third Witch
Harpier cries 'Tis time, 'tis time.
Link: 4.1.3

First Witch
Round about the cauldron go;
Link: 4.1.4
In the poison'd entrails throw.
Link: 4.1.5
Toad, that under cold stone
Link: 4.1.6
Days and nights has thirty-one
Link: 4.1.7
Swelter'd venom sleeping got,
Link: 4.1.8
Boil thou first i' the charmed pot.
Link: 4.1.9

Double, double toil and trouble;
Link: 4.1.10
Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.
Link: 4.1.11

Second Witch
Fillet of a fenny snake,
Link: 4.1.12
In the cauldron boil and bake;
Link: 4.1.13
Eye of newt and toe of frog,
Link: 4.1.14
Wool of bat and tongue of dog,
Link: 4.1.15
Adder's fork and blind-worm's sting,
Link: 4.1.16
Lizard's leg and owlet's wing,
Link: 4.1.17
For a charm of powerful trouble,
Link: 4.1.18
Like a hell-broth boil and bubble.
Link: 4.1.19

Double, double toil and trouble;
Link: 4.1.20
Fire burn and cauldron bubble.
Link: 4.1.21

Third Witch
Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf,
Link: 4.1.22
Witches' mummy, maw and gulf
Link: 4.1.23
Of the ravin'd salt-sea shark,
Link: 4.1.24
Root of hemlock digg'd i' the dark,
Link: 4.1.25
Liver of blaspheming Jew,
Link: 4.1.26
Gall of goat, and slips of yew
Link: 4.1.27
Silver'd in the moon's eclipse,
Link: 4.1.28
Nose of Turk and Tartar's lips,
Link: 4.1.29
Finger of birth-strangled babe
Link: 4.1.30
Ditch-deliver'd by a drab,
Link: 4.1.31
Make the gruel thick and slab:
Link: 4.1.32
Add thereto a tiger's chaudron,
Link: 4.1.33
For the ingredients of our cauldron.
Link: 4.1.34

Double, double toil and trouble;
Link: 4.1.35
Fire burn and cauldron bubble.
Link: 4.1.36

Second Witch
Cool it with a baboon's blood,
Link: 4.1.37
Then the charm is firm and good.
Link: 4.1.38

Enter HECATE to the other three Witches

O well done! I commend your pains;
Link: 4.1.39
And every one shall share i' the gains;
Link: 4.1.40
And now about the cauldron sing,
Link: 4.1.41
Live elves and fairies in a ring,
Link: 4.1.42
Enchanting all that you put in.
Link: 4.1.43

Music and a song: 'Black spirits,' c

HECATE retires

Second Witch
By the pricking of my thumbs,
Link: 4.1.44
Something wicked this way comes.
Link: 4.1.45
Open, locks,
Link: 4.1.46
Whoever knocks!
Link: 4.1.47


How now, you secret, black, and midnight hags!
Link: 4.1.48
What is't you do?
Link: 4.1.49

A deed without a name.
Link: 4.1.50

I conjure you, by that which you profess,
Link: 4.1.51
Howe'er you come to know it, answer me:
Link: 4.1.52
Though you untie the winds and let them fight
Link: 4.1.53
Against the churches; though the yesty waves
Link: 4.1.54
Confound and swallow navigation up;
Link: 4.1.55
Though bladed corn be lodged and trees blown down;
Link: 4.1.56
Though castles topple on their warders' heads;
Link: 4.1.57
Though palaces and pyramids do slope
Link: 4.1.58
Their heads to their foundations; though the treasure
Link: 4.1.59
Of nature's germens tumble all together,
Link: 4.1.60
Even till destruction sicken; answer me
Link: 4.1.61
To what I ask you.
Link: 4.1.62

First Witch

Second Witch
Link: 4.1.64

Third Witch
We'll answer.
Link: 4.1.65

First Witch
Say, if thou'dst rather hear it from our mouths,
Link: 4.1.66
Or from our masters?
Link: 4.1.67

Call 'em; let me see 'em.
Link: 4.1.68

First Witch
Pour in sow's blood, that hath eaten
Link: 4.1.69
Her nine farrow; grease that's sweaten
Link: 4.1.70
From the murderer's gibbet throw
Link: 4.1.71
Into the flame.
Link: 4.1.72

Come, high or low;
Link: 4.1.73
Thyself and office deftly show!
Link: 4.1.74

Thunder. First Apparition: an armed Head

Tell me, thou unknown power,--
Link: 4.1.75

First Witch
He knows thy thought:
Link: 4.1.76
Hear his speech, but say thou nought.
Link: 4.1.77

First Apparition
Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! beware Macduff;
Link: 4.1.78
Beware the thane of Fife. Dismiss me. Enough.
Link: 4.1.79


Whate'er thou art, for thy good caution, thanks;
Link: 4.1.80
Thou hast harp'd my fear aright: but one
Link: 4.1.81
word more,--
Link: 4.1.82

First Witch
He will not be commanded: here's another,
Link: 4.1.83
More potent than the first.
Link: 4.1.84

Thunder. Second Apparition: A bloody Child

Second Apparition
Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth!
Link: 4.1.85

Had I three ears, I'ld hear thee.
Link: 4.1.86

Second Apparition
Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn
Link: 4.1.87
The power of man, for none of woman born
Link: 4.1.88
Shall harm Macbeth.
Link: 4.1.89


Then live, Macduff: what need I fear of thee?
Link: 4.1.90
But yet I'll make assurance double sure,
Link: 4.1.91
And take a bond of fate: thou shalt not live;
Link: 4.1.92
That I may tell pale-hearted fear it lies,
Link: 4.1.93
And sleep in spite of thunder.
Link: 4.1.94
What is this
Link: 4.1.95
That rises like the issue of a king,
Link: 4.1.96
And wears upon his baby-brow the round
Link: 4.1.97
And top of sovereignty?
Link: 4.1.98

Listen, but speak not to't.
Link: 4.1.99

Third Apparition
Be lion-mettled, proud; and take no care
Link: 4.1.100
Who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are:
Link: 4.1.101
Macbeth shall never vanquish'd be until
Link: 4.1.102
Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill
Link: 4.1.103
Shall come against him.
Link: 4.1.104


That will never be
Link: 4.1.105
Who can impress the forest, bid the tree
Link: 4.1.106
Unfix his earth-bound root? Sweet bodements! good!
Link: 4.1.107
Rebellion's head, rise never till the wood
Link: 4.1.108
Of Birnam rise, and our high-placed Macbeth
Link: 4.1.109
Shall live the lease of nature, pay his breath
Link: 4.1.110
To time and mortal custom. Yet my heart
Link: 4.1.111
Throbs to know one thing: tell me, if your art
Link: 4.1.112
Can tell so much: shall Banquo's issue ever
Link: 4.1.113
Reign in this kingdom?
Link: 4.1.114

Seek to know no more.
Link: 4.1.115

I will be satisfied: deny me this,
Link: 4.1.116
And an eternal curse fall on you! Let me know.
Link: 4.1.117
Why sinks that cauldron? and what noise is this?
Link: 4.1.118


First Witch

Second Witch

Third Witch

Show his eyes, and grieve his heart;
Link: 4.1.122
Come like shadows, so depart!
Link: 4.1.123

A show of Eight Kings, the last with a glass in his hand; GHOST OF BANQUO following

Thou art too like the spirit of Banquo: down!
Link: 4.1.124
Thy crown does sear mine eye-balls. And thy hair,
Link: 4.1.125
Thou other gold-bound brow, is like the first.
Link: 4.1.126
A third is like the former. Filthy hags!
Link: 4.1.127
Why do you show me this? A fourth! Start, eyes!
Link: 4.1.128
What, will the line stretch out to the crack of doom?
Link: 4.1.129
Another yet! A seventh! I'll see no more:
Link: 4.1.130
And yet the eighth appears, who bears a glass
Link: 4.1.131
Which shows me many more; and some I see
Link: 4.1.132
That two-fold balls and treble scepters carry:
Link: 4.1.133
Horrible sight! Now, I see, 'tis true;
Link: 4.1.134
For the blood-bolter'd Banquo smiles upon me,
Link: 4.1.135
And points at them for his.
Link: 4.1.136
What, is this so?
Link: 4.1.137

First Witch
Ay, sir, all this is so: but why
Link: 4.1.138
Stands Macbeth thus amazedly?
Link: 4.1.139
Come, sisters, cheer we up his sprites,
Link: 4.1.140
And show the best of our delights:
Link: 4.1.141
I'll charm the air to give a sound,
Link: 4.1.142
While you perform your antic round:
Link: 4.1.143
That this great king may kindly say,
Link: 4.1.144
Our duties did his welcome pay.
Link: 4.1.145

Music. The witches dance and then vanish, with HECATE

Where are they? Gone? Let this pernicious hour
Link: 4.1.146
Stand aye accursed in the calendar!
Link: 4.1.147
Come in, without there!
Link: 4.1.148


What's your grace's will?
Link: 4.1.149

Saw you the weird sisters?
Link: 4.1.150

No, my lord.
Link: 4.1.151

Came they not by you?
Link: 4.1.152

No, indeed, my lord.
Link: 4.1.153

Infected be the air whereon they ride;
Link: 4.1.154
And damn'd all those that trust them! I did hear
Link: 4.1.155
The galloping of horse: who was't came by?
Link: 4.1.156

'Tis two or three, my lord, that bring you word
Link: 4.1.157
Macduff is fled to England.
Link: 4.1.158

Fled to England!
Link: 4.1.159

Ay, my good lord.
Link: 4.1.160

Time, thou anticipatest my dread exploits:
Link: 4.1.161
The flighty purpose never is o'ertook
Link: 4.1.162
Unless the deed go with it; from this moment
Link: 4.1.163
The very firstlings of my heart shall be
Link: 4.1.164
The firstlings of my hand. And even now,
Link: 4.1.165
To crown my thoughts with acts, be it thought and done:
Link: 4.1.166
The castle of Macduff I will surprise;
Link: 4.1.167
Seize upon Fife; give to the edge o' the sword
Link: 4.1.168
His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls
Link: 4.1.169
That trace him in his line. No boasting like a fool;
Link: 4.1.170
This deed I'll do before this purpose cool.
Link: 4.1.171
But no more sights!--Where are these gentlemen?
Link: 4.1.172
Come, bring me where they are.
Link: 4.1.173


SCENE II. Fife. Macduff's castle.

Scene 2 of Act 4 is set in the country near Birnam Wood, where a group of Scottish lords are preparing for battle against the tyrant Macbeth. They discuss the prophecy that Macbeth cannot be defeated until Birnam Wood moves to Dunsinane, his castle. However, they are unaware that Malcolm, the son of the murdered King Duncan, has ordered his soldiers to cut down branches from the trees in Birnam Wood and use them as camouflage to approach Dunsinane undetected.

As the lords continue to strategize, Macbeth enters with his attendants. He is confident in his ability to defeat the approaching army, despite the odds against him. However, he is shaken by the news that Lady Macbeth has died by suicide, unable to bear the guilt of her involvement in the murders that have plagued their reign.

Macbeth delivers a famous soliloquy, “Tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow,” reflecting on the fleeting nature of life and the futility of his actions. He ends the scene by ordering his soldiers to prepare for battle, determined to fight to the bitter end.

Enter LADY MACDUFF, her Son, and ROSS

What had he done, to make him fly the land?
Link: 4.2.1

You must have patience, madam.
Link: 4.2.2

He had none:
Link: 4.2.3
His flight was madness: when our actions do not,
Link: 4.2.4
Our fears do make us traitors.
Link: 4.2.5

You know not
Link: 4.2.6
Whether it was his wisdom or his fear.
Link: 4.2.7

Wisdom! to leave his wife, to leave his babes,
Link: 4.2.8
His mansion and his titles in a place
Link: 4.2.9
From whence himself does fly? He loves us not;
Link: 4.2.10
He wants the natural touch: for the poor wren,
Link: 4.2.11
The most diminutive of birds, will fight,
Link: 4.2.12
Her young ones in her nest, against the owl.
Link: 4.2.13
All is the fear and nothing is the love;
Link: 4.2.14
As little is the wisdom, where the flight
Link: 4.2.15
So runs against all reason.
Link: 4.2.16

My dearest coz,
Link: 4.2.17
I pray you, school yourself: but for your husband,
Link: 4.2.18
He is noble, wise, judicious, and best knows
Link: 4.2.19
The fits o' the season. I dare not speak
Link: 4.2.20
much further;
Link: 4.2.21
But cruel are the times, when we are traitors
Link: 4.2.22
And do not know ourselves, when we hold rumour
Link: 4.2.23
From what we fear, yet know not what we fear,
Link: 4.2.24
But float upon a wild and violent sea
Link: 4.2.25
Each way and move. I take my leave of you:
Link: 4.2.26
Shall not be long but I'll be here again:
Link: 4.2.27
Things at the worst will cease, or else climb upward
Link: 4.2.28
To what they were before. My pretty cousin,
Link: 4.2.29
Blessing upon you!
Link: 4.2.30

Father'd he is, and yet he's fatherless.
Link: 4.2.31

I am so much a fool, should I stay longer,
Link: 4.2.32
It would be my disgrace and your discomfort:
Link: 4.2.33
I take my leave at once.
Link: 4.2.34


Sirrah, your father's dead;
Link: 4.2.35
And what will you do now? How will you live?
Link: 4.2.36

As birds do, mother.
Link: 4.2.37

What, with worms and flies?
Link: 4.2.38

With what I get, I mean; and so do they.
Link: 4.2.39

Poor bird! thou'ldst never fear the net nor lime,
Link: 4.2.40
The pitfall nor the gin.
Link: 4.2.41

Why should I, mother? Poor birds they are not set for.
Link: 4.2.42
My father is not dead, for all your saying.
Link: 4.2.43

Yes, he is dead; how wilt thou do for a father?
Link: 4.2.44

Nay, how will you do for a husband?
Link: 4.2.45

Why, I can buy me twenty at any market.
Link: 4.2.46

Then you'll buy 'em to sell again.
Link: 4.2.47

Thou speak'st with all thy wit: and yet, i' faith,
Link: 4.2.48
With wit enough for thee.
Link: 4.2.49

Was my father a traitor, mother?
Link: 4.2.50

Ay, that he was.
Link: 4.2.51

What is a traitor?
Link: 4.2.52

Why, one that swears and lies.
Link: 4.2.53

And be all traitors that do so?
Link: 4.2.54

Every one that does so is a traitor, and must be hanged.
Link: 4.2.55

And must they all be hanged that swear and lie?
Link: 4.2.56

Every one.
Link: 4.2.57

Who must hang them?
Link: 4.2.58

Why, the honest men.
Link: 4.2.59

Then the liars and swearers are fools,
Link: 4.2.60
for there are liars and swearers enow to beat
Link: 4.2.61
the honest men and hang up them.
Link: 4.2.62

Now, God help thee, poor monkey!
Link: 4.2.63
But how wilt thou do for a father?
Link: 4.2.64

If he were dead, you'ld weep for
Link: 4.2.65
him: if you would not, it were a good sign
Link: 4.2.66
that I should quickly have a new father.
Link: 4.2.67

Poor prattler, how thou talk'st!
Link: 4.2.68

Enter a Messenger

Bless you, fair dame! I am not to you known,
Link: 4.2.69
Though in your state of honour I am perfect.
Link: 4.2.70
I doubt some danger does approach you nearly:
Link: 4.2.71
If you will take a homely man's advice,
Link: 4.2.72
Be not found here; hence, with your little ones.
Link: 4.2.73
To fright you thus, methinks, I am too savage;
Link: 4.2.74
To do worse to you were fell cruelty,
Link: 4.2.75
Which is too nigh your person. Heaven preserve you!
Link: 4.2.76
I dare abide no longer.
Link: 4.2.77


Whither should I fly?
Link: 4.2.78
I have done no harm. But I remember now
Link: 4.2.79
I am in this earthly world; where to do harm
Link: 4.2.80
Is often laudable, to do good sometime
Link: 4.2.81
Accounted dangerous folly: why then, alas,
Link: 4.2.82
Do I put up that womanly defence,
Link: 4.2.83
To say I have done no harm?
Link: 4.2.84
What are these faces?
Link: 4.2.85

First Murderer
Where is your husband?
Link: 4.2.86

I hope, in no place so unsanctified
Link: 4.2.87
Where such as thou mayst find him.
Link: 4.2.88

First Murderer
He's a traitor.
Link: 4.2.89

Thou liest, thou shag-hair'd villain!
Link: 4.2.90

First Murderer
What, you egg!
Link: 4.2.91
Young fry of treachery!
Link: 4.2.92

He has kill'd me, mother:
Link: 4.2.93
Run away, I pray you!
Link: 4.2.94


Exit LADY MACDUFF, crying 'Murder!' Exeunt Murderers, following her

SCENE III. England. Before the King's palace.

Scene 3 of Act 4 begins with Macduff arriving at the English court to ask for Malcolm's help in overthrowing Macbeth. Malcolm is initially distrustful of Macduff, fearing that he may be a spy sent by Macbeth. To test Macduff's loyalty, Malcolm pretends to be even more immoral than Macbeth, claiming that he is a greedy and lustful ruler who enjoys committing acts of violence and cruelty.

Macduff is horrified by Malcolm's behavior and urges him to reconsider his ways. Malcolm eventually reveals that his behavior was just a test, and that he is actually a virtuous and honorable man who would make a just and fair king. Macduff is relieved and pledges his loyalty to Malcolm, saying that he will do everything in his power to help him overthrow Macbeth.

The scene serves to establish Malcolm's character as a just and honorable leader, and to highlight the contrast between him and Macbeth. It also sets the stage for the final confrontation between Macbeth and his enemies, as Macduff and Malcolm prepare to lead an army against him.


Let us seek out some desolate shade, and there
Link: 4.3.1
Weep our sad bosoms empty.
Link: 4.3.2

Let us rather
Link: 4.3.3
Hold fast the mortal sword, and like good men
Link: 4.3.4
Bestride our down-fall'n birthdom: each new morn
Link: 4.3.5
New widows howl, new orphans cry, new sorrows
Link: 4.3.6
Strike heaven on the face, that it resounds
Link: 4.3.7
As if it felt with Scotland and yell'd out
Link: 4.3.8
Like syllable of dolour.
Link: 4.3.9

What I believe I'll wail,
Link: 4.3.10
What know believe, and what I can redress,
Link: 4.3.11
As I shall find the time to friend, I will.
Link: 4.3.12
What you have spoke, it may be so perchance.
Link: 4.3.13
This tyrant, whose sole name blisters our tongues,
Link: 4.3.14
Was once thought honest: you have loved him well.
Link: 4.3.15
He hath not touch'd you yet. I am young;
Link: 4.3.16
but something
Link: 4.3.17
You may deserve of him through me, and wisdom
Link: 4.3.18
To offer up a weak poor innocent lamb
Link: 4.3.19
To appease an angry god.
Link: 4.3.20

I am not treacherous.
Link: 4.3.21

But Macbeth is.
Link: 4.3.22
A good and virtuous nature may recoil
Link: 4.3.23
In an imperial charge. But I shall crave
Link: 4.3.24
your pardon;
Link: 4.3.25
That which you are my thoughts cannot transpose:
Link: 4.3.26
Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell;
Link: 4.3.27
Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace,
Link: 4.3.28
Yet grace must still look so.
Link: 4.3.29

I have lost my hopes.
Link: 4.3.30

Perchance even there where I did find my doubts.
Link: 4.3.31
Why in that rawness left you wife and child,
Link: 4.3.32
Those precious motives, those strong knots of love,
Link: 4.3.33
Without leave-taking? I pray you,
Link: 4.3.34
Let not my jealousies be your dishonours,
Link: 4.3.35
But mine own safeties. You may be rightly just,
Link: 4.3.36
Whatever I shall think.
Link: 4.3.37

Bleed, bleed, poor country!
Link: 4.3.38
Great tyranny! lay thou thy basis sure,
Link: 4.3.39
For goodness dare not cheque thee: wear thou
Link: 4.3.40
thy wrongs;
Link: 4.3.41
The title is affeer'd! Fare thee well, lord:
Link: 4.3.42
I would not be the villain that thou think'st
Link: 4.3.43
For the whole space that's in the tyrant's grasp,
Link: 4.3.44
And the rich East to boot.
Link: 4.3.45

Be not offended:
Link: 4.3.46
I speak not as in absolute fear of you.
Link: 4.3.47
I think our country sinks beneath the yoke;
Link: 4.3.48
It weeps, it bleeds; and each new day a gash
Link: 4.3.49
Is added to her wounds: I think withal
Link: 4.3.50
There would be hands uplifted in my right;
Link: 4.3.51
And here from gracious England have I offer
Link: 4.3.52
Of goodly thousands: but, for all this,
Link: 4.3.53
When I shall tread upon the tyrant's head,
Link: 4.3.54
Or wear it on my sword, yet my poor country
Link: 4.3.55
Shall have more vices than it had before,
Link: 4.3.56
More suffer and more sundry ways than ever,
Link: 4.3.57
By him that shall succeed.
Link: 4.3.58

What should he be?
Link: 4.3.59

It is myself I mean: in whom I know
Link: 4.3.60
All the particulars of vice so grafted
Link: 4.3.61
That, when they shall be open'd, black Macbeth
Link: 4.3.62
Will seem as pure as snow, and the poor state
Link: 4.3.63
Esteem him as a lamb, being compared
Link: 4.3.64
With my confineless harms.
Link: 4.3.65

Not in the legions
Link: 4.3.66
Of horrid hell can come a devil more damn'd
Link: 4.3.67
In evils to top Macbeth.
Link: 4.3.68

I grant him bloody,
Link: 4.3.69
Luxurious, avaricious, false, deceitful,
Link: 4.3.70
Sudden, malicious, smacking of every sin
Link: 4.3.71
That has a name: but there's no bottom, none,
Link: 4.3.72
In my voluptuousness: your wives, your daughters,
Link: 4.3.73
Your matrons and your maids, could not fill up
Link: 4.3.74
The cistern of my lust, and my desire
Link: 4.3.75
All continent impediments would o'erbear
Link: 4.3.76
That did oppose my will: better Macbeth
Link: 4.3.77
Than such an one to reign.
Link: 4.3.78

Boundless intemperance
Link: 4.3.79
In nature is a tyranny; it hath been
Link: 4.3.80
The untimely emptying of the happy throne
Link: 4.3.81
And fall of many kings. But fear not yet
Link: 4.3.82
To take upon you what is yours: you may
Link: 4.3.83
Convey your pleasures in a spacious plenty,
Link: 4.3.84
And yet seem cold, the time you may so hoodwink.
Link: 4.3.85
We have willing dames enough: there cannot be
Link: 4.3.86
That vulture in you, to devour so many
Link: 4.3.87
As will to greatness dedicate themselves,
Link: 4.3.88
Finding it so inclined.
Link: 4.3.89

With this there grows
Link: 4.3.90
In my most ill-composed affection such
Link: 4.3.91
A stanchless avarice that, were I king,
Link: 4.3.92
I should cut off the nobles for their lands,
Link: 4.3.93
Desire his jewels and this other's house:
Link: 4.3.94
And my more-having would be as a sauce
Link: 4.3.95
To make me hunger more; that I should forge
Link: 4.3.96
Quarrels unjust against the good and loyal,
Link: 4.3.97
Destroying them for wealth.
Link: 4.3.98

This avarice
Link: 4.3.99
Sticks deeper, grows with more pernicious root
Link: 4.3.100
Than summer-seeming lust, and it hath been
Link: 4.3.101
The sword of our slain kings: yet do not fear;
Link: 4.3.102
Scotland hath foisons to fill up your will.
Link: 4.3.103
Of your mere own: all these are portable,
Link: 4.3.104
With other graces weigh'd.
Link: 4.3.105

But I have none: the king-becoming graces,
Link: 4.3.106
As justice, verity, temperance, stableness,
Link: 4.3.107
Bounty, perseverance, mercy, lowliness,
Link: 4.3.108
Devotion, patience, courage, fortitude,
Link: 4.3.109
I have no relish of them, but abound
Link: 4.3.110
In the division of each several crime,
Link: 4.3.111
Acting it many ways. Nay, had I power, I should
Link: 4.3.112
Pour the sweet milk of concord into hell,
Link: 4.3.113
Uproar the universal peace, confound
Link: 4.3.114
All unity on earth.
Link: 4.3.115

O Scotland, Scotland!
Link: 4.3.116

If such a one be fit to govern, speak:
Link: 4.3.117
I am as I have spoken.
Link: 4.3.118

Fit to govern!
Link: 4.3.119
No, not to live. O nation miserable,
Link: 4.3.120
With an untitled tyrant bloody-scepter'd,
Link: 4.3.121
When shalt thou see thy wholesome days again,
Link: 4.3.122
Since that the truest issue of thy throne
Link: 4.3.123
By his own interdiction stands accursed,
Link: 4.3.124
And does blaspheme his breed? Thy royal father
Link: 4.3.125
Was a most sainted king: the queen that bore thee,
Link: 4.3.126
Oftener upon her knees than on her feet,
Link: 4.3.127
Died every day she lived. Fare thee well!
Link: 4.3.128
These evils thou repeat'st upon thyself
Link: 4.3.129
Have banish'd me from Scotland. O my breast,
Link: 4.3.130
Thy hope ends here!
Link: 4.3.131

Macduff, this noble passion,
Link: 4.3.132
Child of integrity, hath from my soul
Link: 4.3.133
Wiped the black scruples, reconciled my thoughts
Link: 4.3.134
To thy good truth and honour. Devilish Macbeth
Link: 4.3.135
By many of these trains hath sought to win me
Link: 4.3.136
Into his power, and modest wisdom plucks me
Link: 4.3.137
From over-credulous haste: but God above
Link: 4.3.138
Deal between thee and me! for even now
Link: 4.3.139
I put myself to thy direction, and
Link: 4.3.140
Unspeak mine own detraction, here abjure
Link: 4.3.141
The taints and blames I laid upon myself,
Link: 4.3.142
For strangers to my nature. I am yet
Link: 4.3.143
Unknown to woman, never was forsworn,
Link: 4.3.144
Scarcely have coveted what was mine own,
Link: 4.3.145
At no time broke my faith, would not betray
Link: 4.3.146
The devil to his fellow and delight
Link: 4.3.147
No less in truth than life: my first false speaking
Link: 4.3.148
Was this upon myself: what I am truly,
Link: 4.3.149
Is thine and my poor country's to command:
Link: 4.3.150
Whither indeed, before thy here-approach,
Link: 4.3.151
Old Siward, with ten thousand warlike men,
Link: 4.3.152
Already at a point, was setting forth.
Link: 4.3.153
Now we'll together; and the chance of goodness
Link: 4.3.154
Be like our warranted quarrel! Why are you silent?
Link: 4.3.155

Such welcome and unwelcome things at once
Link: 4.3.156
'Tis hard to reconcile.
Link: 4.3.157

Enter a Doctor

Well; more anon.--Comes the king forth, I pray you?
Link: 4.3.158

Ay, sir; there are a crew of wretched souls
Link: 4.3.159
That stay his cure: their malady convinces
Link: 4.3.160
The great assay of art; but at his touch--
Link: 4.3.161
Such sanctity hath heaven given his hand--
Link: 4.3.162
They presently amend.
Link: 4.3.163

I thank you, doctor.
Link: 4.3.164

Exit Doctor

What's the disease he means?
Link: 4.3.165

'Tis call'd the evil:
Link: 4.3.166
A most miraculous work in this good king;
Link: 4.3.167
Which often, since my here-remain in England,
Link: 4.3.168
I have seen him do. How he solicits heaven,
Link: 4.3.169
Himself best knows: but strangely-visited people,
Link: 4.3.170
All swoln and ulcerous, pitiful to the eye,
Link: 4.3.171
The mere despair of surgery, he cures,
Link: 4.3.172
Hanging a golden stamp about their necks,
Link: 4.3.173
Put on with holy prayers: and 'tis spoken,
Link: 4.3.174
To the succeeding royalty he leaves
Link: 4.3.175
The healing benediction. With this strange virtue,
Link: 4.3.176
He hath a heavenly gift of prophecy,
Link: 4.3.177
And sundry blessings hang about his throne,
Link: 4.3.178
That speak him full of grace.
Link: 4.3.179

Enter ROSS

See, who comes here?
Link: 4.3.180

My countryman; but yet I know him not.
Link: 4.3.181

My ever-gentle cousin, welcome hither.
Link: 4.3.182

I know him now. Good God, betimes remove
Link: 4.3.183
The means that makes us strangers!
Link: 4.3.184

Sir, amen.
Link: 4.3.185

Stands Scotland where it did?
Link: 4.3.186

Alas, poor country!
Link: 4.3.187
Almost afraid to know itself. It cannot
Link: 4.3.188
Be call'd our mother, but our grave; where nothing,
Link: 4.3.189
But who knows nothing, is once seen to smile;
Link: 4.3.190
Where sighs and groans and shrieks that rend the air
Link: 4.3.191
Are made, not mark'd; where violent sorrow seems
Link: 4.3.192
A modern ecstasy; the dead man's knell
Link: 4.3.193
Is there scarce ask'd for who; and good men's lives
Link: 4.3.194
Expire before the flowers in their caps,
Link: 4.3.195
Dying or ere they sicken.
Link: 4.3.196

O, relation
Link: 4.3.197
Too nice, and yet too true!
Link: 4.3.198

What's the newest grief?
Link: 4.3.199

That of an hour's age doth hiss the speaker:
Link: 4.3.200
Each minute teems a new one.
Link: 4.3.201

How does my wife?
Link: 4.3.202

Why, well.
Link: 4.3.203

And all my children?
Link: 4.3.204

Well too.
Link: 4.3.205

The tyrant has not batter'd at their peace?
Link: 4.3.206

No; they were well at peace when I did leave 'em.
Link: 4.3.207

But not a niggard of your speech: how goes't?
Link: 4.3.208

When I came hither to transport the tidings,
Link: 4.3.209
Which I have heavily borne, there ran a rumour
Link: 4.3.210
Of many worthy fellows that were out;
Link: 4.3.211
Which was to my belief witness'd the rather,
Link: 4.3.212
For that I saw the tyrant's power a-foot:
Link: 4.3.213
Now is the time of help; your eye in Scotland
Link: 4.3.214
Would create soldiers, make our women fight,
Link: 4.3.215
To doff their dire distresses.
Link: 4.3.216

Be't their comfort
Link: 4.3.217
We are coming thither: gracious England hath
Link: 4.3.218
Lent us good Siward and ten thousand men;
Link: 4.3.219
An older and a better soldier none
Link: 4.3.220
That Christendom gives out.
Link: 4.3.221

Would I could answer
Link: 4.3.222
This comfort with the like! But I have words
Link: 4.3.223
That would be howl'd out in the desert air,
Link: 4.3.224
Where hearing should not latch them.
Link: 4.3.225

What concern they?
Link: 4.3.226
The general cause? or is it a fee-grief
Link: 4.3.227
Due to some single breast?
Link: 4.3.228

No mind that's honest
Link: 4.3.229
But in it shares some woe; though the main part
Link: 4.3.230
Pertains to you alone.
Link: 4.3.231

If it be mine,
Link: 4.3.232
Keep it not from me, quickly let me have it.
Link: 4.3.233

Let not your ears despise my tongue for ever,
Link: 4.3.234
Which shall possess them with the heaviest sound
Link: 4.3.235
That ever yet they heard.
Link: 4.3.236

Hum! I guess at it.
Link: 4.3.237

Your castle is surprised; your wife and babes
Link: 4.3.238
Savagely slaughter'd: to relate the manner,
Link: 4.3.239
Were, on the quarry of these murder'd deer,
Link: 4.3.240
To add the death of you.
Link: 4.3.241

Merciful heaven!
Link: 4.3.242
What, man! ne'er pull your hat upon your brows;
Link: 4.3.243
Give sorrow words: the grief that does not speak
Link: 4.3.244
Whispers the o'er-fraught heart and bids it break.
Link: 4.3.245

My children too?
Link: 4.3.246

Wife, children, servants, all
Link: 4.3.247
That could be found.
Link: 4.3.248

And I must be from thence!
Link: 4.3.249
My wife kill'd too?
Link: 4.3.250

I have said.
Link: 4.3.251

Be comforted:
Link: 4.3.252
Let's make us medicines of our great revenge,
Link: 4.3.253
To cure this deadly grief.
Link: 4.3.254

He has no children. All my pretty ones?
Link: 4.3.255
Did you say all? O hell-kite! All?
Link: 4.3.256
What, all my pretty chickens and their dam
Link: 4.3.257
At one fell swoop?
Link: 4.3.258

Dispute it like a man.
Link: 4.3.259

I shall do so;
Link: 4.3.260
But I must also feel it as a man:
Link: 4.3.261
I cannot but remember such things were,
Link: 4.3.262
That were most precious to me. Did heaven look on,
Link: 4.3.263
And would not take their part? Sinful Macduff,
Link: 4.3.264
They were all struck for thee! naught that I am,
Link: 4.3.265
Not for their own demerits, but for mine,
Link: 4.3.266
Fell slaughter on their souls. Heaven rest them now!
Link: 4.3.267

Be this the whetstone of your sword: let grief
Link: 4.3.268
Convert to anger; blunt not the heart, enrage it.
Link: 4.3.269

O, I could play the woman with mine eyes
Link: 4.3.270
And braggart with my tongue! But, gentle heavens,
Link: 4.3.271
Cut short all intermission; front to front
Link: 4.3.272
Bring thou this fiend of Scotland and myself;
Link: 4.3.273
Within my sword's length set him; if he 'scape,
Link: 4.3.274
Heaven forgive him too!
Link: 4.3.275

This tune goes manly.
Link: 4.3.276
Come, go we to the king; our power is ready;
Link: 4.3.277
Our lack is nothing but our leave; Macbeth
Link: 4.3.278
Is ripe for shaking, and the powers above
Link: 4.3.279
Put on their instruments. Receive what cheer you may:
Link: 4.3.280
The night is long that never finds the day.
Link: 4.3.281


Act V

In Act 5 of Macbeth, the Scottish army, led by Malcolm, approaches Macbeth's castle. Lady Macbeth is tormented by guilt and walks in her sleep, reliving the murders she and her husband have committed. Meanwhile, Macbeth receives news of his wife's death and becomes despondent. He is then informed that the approaching army is carrying branches from Birnam Wood, fulfilling the witches' prophecy that he will only be defeated when the forest moves to Dunsinane. Macbeth prepares for battle, but his soldiers begin to desert him as they are swayed by Malcolm's promise of a better future. Macbeth fights bravely but is eventually killed by Macduff, who was born by Caesarean section and therefore not technically "born of woman." Malcolm is crowned king and peace is restored to Scotland.

SCENE I. Dunsinane. Ante-room in the castle.

Scene 1 of Act 5 begins with Lady Macbeth sleepwalking in her chamber, carrying a candle. She is accompanied by a gentlewoman and a doctor who are observing her strange behavior. Lady Macbeth is seen rubbing her hands together as if she is trying to wash something off of them. She speaks incoherently, muttering about the murders that she and her husband have committed.

The gentlewoman expresses her concern for Lady Macbeth and tells the doctor that she has been sleepwalking every night since the murder of King Duncan. The doctor observes Lady Macbeth's behavior and concludes that there is a deep-rooted psychological problem. He also notes that Lady Macbeth's guilt is causing her to sleepwalk and speak about the murders.

As Lady Macbeth continues to speak in her sleep, she reveals the details of the murders that she and her husband have committed. She talks about the blood on her hands and the guilt that she feels. Her behavior suggests that she is tormented by the memories of the murders and cannot find peace.

The scene ends with Lady Macbeth being led out of the chamber by the gentlewoman and the doctor. The doctor suggests that Lady Macbeth needs spiritual help and advises the gentlewoman to keep an eye on her. The scene serves as a reminder of the consequences of Macbeth's actions and the toll that it has taken on Lady Macbeth's mental health.

Enter a Doctor of Physic and a Waiting-Gentlewoman

I have two nights watched with you, but can perceive
Link: 5.1.1
no truth in your report. When was it she last walked?
Link: 5.1.2

Since his majesty went into the field, I have seen
Link: 5.1.3
her rise from her bed, throw her night-gown upon
Link: 5.1.4
her, unlock her closet, take forth paper, fold it,
Link: 5.1.5
write upon't, read it, afterwards seal it, and again
Link: 5.1.6
return to bed; yet all this while in a most fast sleep.
Link: 5.1.7

A great perturbation in nature, to receive at once
Link: 5.1.8
the benefit of sleep, and do the effects of
Link: 5.1.9
watching! In this slumbery agitation, besides her
Link: 5.1.10
walking and other actual performances, what, at any
Link: 5.1.11
time, have you heard her say?
Link: 5.1.12

That, sir, which I will not report after her.
Link: 5.1.13

You may to me: and 'tis most meet you should.
Link: 5.1.14

Neither to you nor any one; having no witness to
Link: 5.1.15
confirm my speech.
Link: 5.1.16
Lo you, here she comes! This is her very guise;
Link: 5.1.17
and, upon my life, fast asleep. Observe her; stand close.
Link: 5.1.18

How came she by that light?
Link: 5.1.19

Why, it stood by her: she has light by her
Link: 5.1.20
continually; 'tis her command.
Link: 5.1.21

You see, her eyes are open.
Link: 5.1.22

Ay, but their sense is shut.
Link: 5.1.23

What is it she does now? Look, how she rubs her hands.
Link: 5.1.24

It is an accustomed action with her, to seem thus
Link: 5.1.25
washing her hands: I have known her continue in
Link: 5.1.26
this a quarter of an hour.
Link: 5.1.27

Yet here's a spot.
Link: 5.1.28

Hark! she speaks: I will set down what comes from
Link: 5.1.29
her, to satisfy my remembrance the more strongly.
Link: 5.1.30

Out, damned spot! out, I say!--One: two: why,
Link: 5.1.31
then, 'tis time to do't.--Hell is murky!--Fie, my
Link: 5.1.32
lord, fie! a soldier, and afeard? What need we
Link: 5.1.33
fear who knows it, when none can call our power to
Link: 5.1.34
account?--Yet who would have thought the old man
Link: 5.1.35
to have had so much blood in him.
Link: 5.1.36

Do you mark that?
Link: 5.1.37

The thane of Fife had a wife: where is she now?--
Link: 5.1.38
What, will these hands ne'er be clean?--No more o'
Link: 5.1.39
that, my lord, no more o' that: you mar all with
Link: 5.1.40
this starting.
Link: 5.1.41

Go to, go to; you have known what you should not.
Link: 5.1.42

She has spoke what she should not, I am sure of
Link: 5.1.43
that: heaven knows what she has known.
Link: 5.1.44

Here's the smell of the blood still: all the
Link: 5.1.45
perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little
Link: 5.1.46
hand. Oh, oh, oh!
Link: 5.1.47

What a sigh is there! The heart is sorely charged.
Link: 5.1.48

I would not have such a heart in my bosom for the
Link: 5.1.49
dignity of the whole body.
Link: 5.1.50

Well, well, well,--
Link: 5.1.51

Pray God it be, sir.
Link: 5.1.52

This disease is beyond my practise: yet I have known
Link: 5.1.53
those which have walked in their sleep who have died
Link: 5.1.54
holily in their beds.
Link: 5.1.55

Wash your hands, put on your nightgown; look not so
Link: 5.1.56
pale.--I tell you yet again, Banquo's buried; he
Link: 5.1.57
cannot come out on's grave.
Link: 5.1.58

Even so?
Link: 5.1.59

To bed, to bed! there's knocking at the gate:
Link: 5.1.60
come, come, come, come, give me your hand. What's
Link: 5.1.61
done cannot be undone.--To bed, to bed, to bed!
Link: 5.1.62


Will she go now to bed?
Link: 5.1.63

Link: 5.1.64

Foul whisperings are abroad: unnatural deeds
Link: 5.1.65
Do breed unnatural troubles: infected minds
Link: 5.1.66
To their deaf pillows will discharge their secrets:
Link: 5.1.67
More needs she the divine than the physician.
Link: 5.1.68
God, God forgive us all! Look after her;
Link: 5.1.69
Remove from her the means of all annoyance,
Link: 5.1.70
And still keep eyes upon her. So, good night:
Link: 5.1.71
My mind she has mated, and amazed my sight.
Link: 5.1.72
I think, but dare not speak.
Link: 5.1.73

Good night, good doctor.
Link: 5.1.74


SCENE II. The country near Dunsinane.

In Scene 2 of Act 5, a group of soldiers led by Siward prepares for battle against Macbeth's army at Dunsinane castle. Siward is informed that his son has been killed in battle, but he takes the news stoically and continues with the attack. Macbeth appears on the walls of the castle and boasts about his invincibility, but Siward's soldiers manage to breach the gates and enter the castle.

Meanwhile, Macbeth encounters Young Siward, who challenges him to a duel. Macbeth kills the young man, but he is shaken by the encounter and remarks that he has "no words" to describe his feelings. Macbeth then encounters Macduff, who reveals that he was born by Caesarean section and is therefore not "of woman born," fulfilling the witches' prophecy that Macbeth will not be defeated by any man born of a woman.

Macbeth is initially skeptical of Macduff's claim, but he eventually realizes that he has been tricked and refuses to fight. Macduff kills Macbeth and brings his head to Malcolm, who is proclaimed the new king of Scotland. The play ends with Malcolm's coronation and a sense of hope for the future of Scotland.

Drum and colours. Enter MENTEITH, CAITHNESS, ANGUS, LENNOX, and Soldiers

The English power is near, led on by Malcolm,
Link: 5.2.1
His uncle Siward and the good Macduff:
Link: 5.2.2
Revenges burn in them; for their dear causes
Link: 5.2.3
Would to the bleeding and the grim alarm
Link: 5.2.4
Excite the mortified man.
Link: 5.2.5

Near Birnam wood
Link: 5.2.6
Shall we well meet them; that way are they coming.
Link: 5.2.7

Who knows if Donalbain be with his brother?
Link: 5.2.8

For certain, sir, he is not: I have a file
Link: 5.2.9
Of all the gentry: there is Siward's son,
Link: 5.2.10
And many unrough youths that even now
Link: 5.2.11
Protest their first of manhood.
Link: 5.2.12

What does the tyrant?
Link: 5.2.13

Great Dunsinane he strongly fortifies:
Link: 5.2.14
Some say he's mad; others that lesser hate him
Link: 5.2.15
Do call it valiant fury: but, for certain,
Link: 5.2.16
He cannot buckle his distemper'd cause
Link: 5.2.17
Within the belt of rule.
Link: 5.2.18

Now does he feel
Link: 5.2.19
His secret murders sticking on his hands;
Link: 5.2.20
Now minutely revolts upbraid his faith-breach;
Link: 5.2.21
Those he commands move only in command,
Link: 5.2.22
Nothing in love: now does he feel his title
Link: 5.2.23
Hang loose about him, like a giant's robe
Link: 5.2.24
Upon a dwarfish thief.
Link: 5.2.25

Who then shall blame
Link: 5.2.26
His pester'd senses to recoil and start,
Link: 5.2.27
When all that is within him does condemn
Link: 5.2.28
Itself for being there?
Link: 5.2.29

Well, march we on,
Link: 5.2.30
To give obedience where 'tis truly owed:
Link: 5.2.31
Meet we the medicine of the sickly weal,
Link: 5.2.32
And with him pour we in our country's purge
Link: 5.2.33
Each drop of us.
Link: 5.2.34

Or so much as it needs,
Link: 5.2.35
To dew the sovereign flower and drown the weeds.
Link: 5.2.36
Make we our march towards Birnam.
Link: 5.2.37

Exeunt, marching

SCENE III. Dunsinane. A room in the castle.

Scene 3 of Act 5 begins with a discussion between two characters about the current state of affairs. One of the characters expresses concerns about the future and the possibility of a rebellion against the ruling power. The other character dismisses these concerns and argues that the people are too afraid to rebel.

As they continue their conversation, they are interrupted by the arrival of a messenger who brings news of a large army approaching. The characters quickly realize that this army is hostile and that they must prepare for battle.

They begin to rally their troops and make preparations for the coming fight. The tension builds as the characters discuss their plans and strategize for the battle. As they prepare, they reflect on the events that have brought them to this point and the decisions that have led them to this moment.

Finally, the battle begins and the characters fight fiercely against their opponents. The action is intense and the outcome is uncertain, but the characters are determined to emerge victorious. As the battle rages on, the characters continue to fight with all their might, hoping to secure their place in history and ensure their survival.

Despite the odds against them, the characters ultimately emerge victorious, having successfully defended their territory and defeated their enemies. They take a moment to reflect on the battle and the sacrifices that were made, and they vow to continue fighting for their cause, no matter what challenges may lie ahead.

Enter MACBETH, Doctor, and Attendants

Bring me no more reports; let them fly all:
Link: 5.3.1
Till Birnam wood remove to Dunsinane,
Link: 5.3.2
I cannot taint with fear. What's the boy Malcolm?
Link: 5.3.3
Was he not born of woman? The spirits that know
Link: 5.3.4
All mortal consequences have pronounced me thus:
Link: 5.3.5
'Fear not, Macbeth; no man that's born of woman
Link: 5.3.6
Shall e'er have power upon thee.' Then fly,
Link: 5.3.7
false thanes,
Link: 5.3.8
And mingle with the English epicures:
Link: 5.3.9
The mind I sway by and the heart I bear
Link: 5.3.10
Shall never sag with doubt nor shake with fear.
Link: 5.3.11
The devil damn thee black, thou cream-faced loon!
Link: 5.3.12
Where got'st thou that goose look?
Link: 5.3.13

There is ten thousand--
Link: 5.3.14

Geese, villain!
Link: 5.3.15

Soldiers, sir.
Link: 5.3.16

Go prick thy face, and over-red thy fear,
Link: 5.3.17
Thou lily-liver'd boy. What soldiers, patch?
Link: 5.3.18
Death of thy soul! those linen cheeks of thine
Link: 5.3.19
Are counsellors to fear. What soldiers, whey-face?
Link: 5.3.20

The English force, so please you.
Link: 5.3.21

Take thy face hence.
Link: 5.3.22
Seyton!--I am sick at heart,
Link: 5.3.23
When I behold--Seyton, I say!--This push
Link: 5.3.24
Will cheer me ever, or disseat me now.
Link: 5.3.25
I have lived long enough: my way of life
Link: 5.3.26
Is fall'n into the sear, the yellow leaf;
Link: 5.3.27
And that which should accompany old age,
Link: 5.3.28
As honour, love, obedience, troops of friends,
Link: 5.3.29
I must not look to have; but, in their stead,
Link: 5.3.30
Curses, not loud but deep, mouth-honour, breath,
Link: 5.3.31
Which the poor heart would fain deny, and dare not. Seyton!
Link: 5.3.32


What is your gracious pleasure?
Link: 5.3.33

What news more?
Link: 5.3.34

All is confirm'd, my lord, which was reported.
Link: 5.3.35

I'll fight till from my bones my flesh be hack'd.
Link: 5.3.36
Give me my armour.
Link: 5.3.37

'Tis not needed yet.
Link: 5.3.38

I'll put it on.
Link: 5.3.39
Send out more horses; skirr the country round;
Link: 5.3.40
Hang those that talk of fear. Give me mine armour.
Link: 5.3.41
How does your patient, doctor?
Link: 5.3.42

Not so sick, my lord,
Link: 5.3.43
As she is troubled with thick coming fancies,
Link: 5.3.44
That keep her from her rest.
Link: 5.3.45

Cure her of that.
Link: 5.3.46
Canst thou not minister to a mind diseased,
Link: 5.3.47
Pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow,
Link: 5.3.48
Raze out the written troubles of the brain
Link: 5.3.49
And with some sweet oblivious antidote
Link: 5.3.50
Cleanse the stuff'd bosom of that perilous stuff
Link: 5.3.51
Which weighs upon the heart?
Link: 5.3.52

Therein the patient
Link: 5.3.53
Must minister to himself.
Link: 5.3.54

Throw physic to the dogs; I'll none of it.
Link: 5.3.55
Come, put mine armour on; give me my staff.
Link: 5.3.56
Seyton, send out. Doctor, the thanes fly from me.
Link: 5.3.57
Come, sir, dispatch. If thou couldst, doctor, cast
Link: 5.3.58
The water of my land, find her disease,
Link: 5.3.59
And purge it to a sound and pristine health,
Link: 5.3.60
I would applaud thee to the very echo,
Link: 5.3.61
That should applaud again.--Pull't off, I say.--
Link: 5.3.62
What rhubarb, cyme, or what purgative drug,
Link: 5.3.63
Would scour these English hence? Hear'st thou of them?
Link: 5.3.64

Ay, my good lord; your royal preparation
Link: 5.3.65
Makes us hear something.
Link: 5.3.66

Bring it after me.
Link: 5.3.67
I will not be afraid of death and bane,
Link: 5.3.68
Till Birnam forest come to Dunsinane.
Link: 5.3.69

(Aside) Were I from Dunsinane away and clear,
Link: 5.3.70
Profit again should hardly draw me here.
Link: 5.3.71


SCENE IV. Country near Birnam wood.

Scene 4 of Act 5 is a pivotal moment in the play. It takes place on a battlefield where two armies are preparing to fight. The first army is led by Macbeth, who has become increasingly tyrannical and paranoid throughout the play. The second army is led by Malcolm, the son of the former king who Macbeth murdered in order to seize power.

In the scene, Malcolm orders his soldiers to cut down branches from the trees in the forest and hold them in front of them as they approach Macbeth's army. This tactic is meant to disguise the number of soldiers in Malcolm's army and make it appear larger than it actually is. Macbeth, who is already on edge, sees this and becomes convinced that the forest is coming to attack him.

As the battle begins, Macbeth fights fiercely but ultimately realizes that he has been betrayed by some of his own soldiers. He is then confronted by Macduff, a nobleman who has been working with Malcolm to overthrow Macbeth. Macduff reveals that he was born through a Caesarean section and therefore was not technically "born of woman," which fulfills the prophecy that Macbeth would be killed by someone who was not born of woman.

Macbeth accepts his fate and the play ends with Malcolm being crowned as the new king of Scotland.


Cousins, I hope the days are near at hand
Link: 5.4.1
That chambers will be safe.
Link: 5.4.2

We doubt it nothing.
Link: 5.4.3

What wood is this before us?
Link: 5.4.4

The wood of Birnam.
Link: 5.4.5

Let every soldier hew him down a bough
Link: 5.4.6
And bear't before him: thereby shall we shadow
Link: 5.4.7
The numbers of our host and make discovery
Link: 5.4.8
Err in report of us.
Link: 5.4.9

It shall be done.
Link: 5.4.10

We learn no other but the confident tyrant
Link: 5.4.11
Keeps still in Dunsinane, and will endure
Link: 5.4.12
Our setting down before 't.
Link: 5.4.13

'Tis his main hope:
Link: 5.4.14
For where there is advantage to be given,
Link: 5.4.15
Both more and less have given him the revolt,
Link: 5.4.16
And none serve with him but constrained things
Link: 5.4.17
Whose hearts are absent too.
Link: 5.4.18

Let our just censures
Link: 5.4.19
Attend the true event, and put we on
Link: 5.4.20
Industrious soldiership.
Link: 5.4.21

The time approaches
Link: 5.4.22
That will with due decision make us know
Link: 5.4.23
What we shall say we have and what we owe.
Link: 5.4.24
Thoughts speculative their unsure hopes relate,
Link: 5.4.25
But certain issue strokes must arbitrate:
Link: 5.4.26
Towards which advance the war.
Link: 5.4.27

Exeunt, marching

SCENE V. Dunsinane. Within the castle.

Scene 5 of Act 5 begins with Lady Macbeth sleepwalking and talking in her sleep. She is holding a candle and is being watched by a doctor and a gentlewoman who are both concerned about her behavior. Lady Macbeth is reliving the events of the murders that she and her husband committed. She is attempting to wash the blood off her hands, indicating that she is feeling guilty and is haunted by the actions she has taken.

The gentlewoman remarks that Lady Macbeth has been doing this every night since King Duncan was murdered. The doctor is shocked and says that he cannot cure her, as her condition is one of the mind and soul, not the body. Lady Macbeth then speaks out loud, saying, “Out, damned spot! Out, I say!” She is referring to the imagined blood on her hands that she cannot seem to wash away.

The doctor and gentlewoman are both disturbed by Lady Macbeth’s behavior and decide to leave her alone. They fear that her actions may lead to her own demise. Lady Macbeth continues to speak in her sleep, revealing her innermost thoughts and feelings. She speaks of her guilt and the fear of being caught. She also mentions Macbeth and the murders they committed together.

This scene is significant because it shows Lady Macbeth’s mental decline. She is consumed by guilt and is unable to cope with the actions she has taken. Her sleepwalking and talking reveal her innermost thoughts and feelings, which she has been trying to hide. It also foreshadows her eventual suicide, which occurs later in the play. Overall, this scene highlights the consequences of actions taken in the pursuit of power and the toll it can take on an individual's mental health.

Enter MACBETH, SEYTON, and Soldiers, with drum and colours

Hang out our banners on the outward walls;
Link: 5.5.1
The cry is still 'They come:' our castle's strength
Link: 5.5.2
Will laugh a siege to scorn: here let them lie
Link: 5.5.3
Till famine and the ague eat them up:
Link: 5.5.4
Were they not forced with those that should be ours,
Link: 5.5.5
We might have met them dareful, beard to beard,
Link: 5.5.6
And beat them backward home.
Link: 5.5.7
What is that noise?
Link: 5.5.8

It is the cry of women, my good lord.
Link: 5.5.9


I have almost forgot the taste of fears;
Link: 5.5.10
The time has been, my senses would have cool'd
Link: 5.5.11
To hear a night-shriek; and my fell of hair
Link: 5.5.12
Would at a dismal treatise rouse and stir
Link: 5.5.13
As life were in't: I have supp'd full with horrors;
Link: 5.5.14
Direness, familiar to my slaughterous thoughts
Link: 5.5.15
Cannot once start me.
Link: 5.5.16
Wherefore was that cry?
Link: 5.5.17

The queen, my lord, is dead.
Link: 5.5.18

She should have died hereafter;
Link: 5.5.19
There would have been a time for such a word.
Link: 5.5.20
To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow,
Link: 5.5.21
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day
Link: 5.5.22
To the last syllable of recorded time,
Link: 5.5.23
And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
Link: 5.5.24
The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!
Link: 5.5.25
Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player
Link: 5.5.26
That struts and frets his hour upon the stage
Link: 5.5.27
And then is heard no more: it is a tale
Link: 5.5.28
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
Link: 5.5.29
Signifying nothing.
Link: 5.5.30
Thou comest to use thy tongue; thy story quickly.
Link: 5.5.31

Gracious my lord,
Link: 5.5.32
I should report that which I say I saw,
Link: 5.5.33
But know not how to do it.
Link: 5.5.34

Well, say, sir.
Link: 5.5.35

As I did stand my watch upon the hill,
Link: 5.5.36
I look'd toward Birnam, and anon, methought,
Link: 5.5.37
The wood began to move.
Link: 5.5.38

Liar and slave!
Link: 5.5.39

Let me endure your wrath, if't be not so:
Link: 5.5.40
Within this three mile may you see it coming;
Link: 5.5.41
I say, a moving grove.
Link: 5.5.42

If thou speak'st false,
Link: 5.5.43
Upon the next tree shalt thou hang alive,
Link: 5.5.44
Till famine cling thee: if thy speech be sooth,
Link: 5.5.45
I care not if thou dost for me as much.
Link: 5.5.46
I pull in resolution, and begin
Link: 5.5.47
To doubt the equivocation of the fiend
Link: 5.5.48
That lies like truth: 'Fear not, till Birnam wood
Link: 5.5.49
Do come to Dunsinane:' and now a wood
Link: 5.5.50
Comes toward Dunsinane. Arm, arm, and out!
Link: 5.5.51
If this which he avouches does appear,
Link: 5.5.52
There is nor flying hence nor tarrying here.
Link: 5.5.53
I gin to be aweary of the sun,
Link: 5.5.54
And wish the estate o' the world were now undone.
Link: 5.5.55
Ring the alarum-bell! Blow, wind! come, wrack!
Link: 5.5.56
At least we'll die with harness on our back.
Link: 5.5.57


SCENE VI. Dunsinane. Before the castle.

Scene 6 of Act 5 of Macbeth begins with a conversation between the Scottish forces and Malcolm, the rightful heir to the throne. They discuss their strategy for the upcoming battle against Macbeth and his army. Malcolm orders the soldiers to cut down branches from the trees in Birnam Wood and use them as camouflage to approach Macbeth's stronghold at Dunsinane.

The scene then shifts to Dunsinane where Macbeth is preparing for battle. He is confident in his ability to defeat the enemy, despite the fact that he knows they outnumber his own troops. Macbeth's wife, Lady Macbeth, enters and tries to bolster his spirits, but her words only serve to remind him of the guilt he feels for his past actions.

As the battle rages on, Macbeth encounters a young soldier who he recognizes as the son of Macduff, a nobleman he had previously wronged. Macbeth hesitates to kill the young man, but ultimately does so. Meanwhile, Macduff seeks out Macbeth in order to exact revenge for his family's deaths. The two engage in a fierce battle, with Macduff ultimately emerging victorious.

As Macduff prepares to deliver the final blow, Macbeth reveals that he cannot be killed by a man born of a woman. However, Macduff reveals that he was born via Caesarean section, and therefore was not technically "born" in the traditional sense. With this revelation, Macduff kills Macbeth and proclaims Malcolm as the new king of Scotland.

Drum and colours. Enter MALCOLM, SIWARD, MACDUFF, and their Army, with boughs

Now near enough: your leafy screens throw down.
Link: 5.6.1
And show like those you are. You, worthy uncle,
Link: 5.6.2
Shall, with my cousin, your right-noble son,
Link: 5.6.3
Lead our first battle: worthy Macduff and we
Link: 5.6.4
Shall take upon 's what else remains to do,
Link: 5.6.5
According to our order.
Link: 5.6.6

Fare you well.
Link: 5.6.7
Do we but find the tyrant's power to-night,
Link: 5.6.8
Let us be beaten, if we cannot fight.
Link: 5.6.9

Make all our trumpets speak; give them all breath,
Link: 5.6.10
Those clamorous harbingers of blood and death.
Link: 5.6.11


SCENE VII. Another part of the field.

Scene 7 of Act 5 of Macbeth is a pivotal moment in the play where the main character, Macbeth, confronts his enemies on the battlefield. The scene takes place near Birnam Wood, where Macbeth has taken refuge in his castle.

As the scene begins, Macbeth is feeling confident and arrogant. He boasts about his strength and courage, and dismisses his enemies as weak and cowardly. However, his bravado is short-lived when he learns that his enemies are using branches from Birnam Wood as camouflage to approach his castle.

Macbeth suddenly realizes that the witches' prophecy has come true - that he will be defeated only when Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane. He becomes panicked and realizes that he has been fooled by the witches' twisted predictions.

Despite his fear and desperation, Macbeth refuses to give up and fights fiercely against his enemies. He kills many of them, but ultimately he is defeated by Macduff, who was born through a Caesarean section and therefore not technically "born of a woman," as the witches had predicted.

The scene ends with Macduff triumphantly holding Macbeth's severed head, declaring him a traitor and murderer. The play concludes with the restoration of order and the ascension of Malcolm, son of the slain King Duncan, to the throne.

Alarums. Enter MACBETH

They have tied me to a stake; I cannot fly,
Link: 5.7.1
But, bear-like, I must fight the course. What's he
Link: 5.7.2
That was not born of woman? Such a one
Link: 5.7.3
Am I to fear, or none.
Link: 5.7.4


What is thy name?
Link: 5.7.5

Thou'lt be afraid to hear it.
Link: 5.7.6

No; though thou call'st thyself a hotter name
Link: 5.7.7
Than any is in hell.
Link: 5.7.8

My name's Macbeth.
Link: 5.7.9

The devil himself could not pronounce a title
Link: 5.7.10
More hateful to mine ear.
Link: 5.7.11

No, nor more fearful.
Link: 5.7.12

Thou liest, abhorred tyrant; with my sword
Link: 5.7.13
I'll prove the lie thou speak'st.
Link: 5.7.14

They fight and YOUNG SIWARD is slain

Thou wast born of woman
Link: 5.7.15
But swords I smile at, weapons laugh to scorn,
Link: 5.7.16
Brandish'd by man that's of a woman born.
Link: 5.7.17


Alarums. Enter MACDUFF

That way the noise is. Tyrant, show thy face!
Link: 5.7.18
If thou be'st slain and with no stroke of mine,
Link: 5.7.19
My wife and children's ghosts will haunt me still.
Link: 5.7.20
I cannot strike at wretched kerns, whose arms
Link: 5.7.21
Are hired to bear their staves: either thou, Macbeth,
Link: 5.7.22
Or else my sword with an unbatter'd edge
Link: 5.7.23
I sheathe again undeeded. There thou shouldst be;
Link: 5.7.24
By this great clatter, one of greatest note
Link: 5.7.25
Seems bruited. Let me find him, fortune!
Link: 5.7.26
And more I beg not.
Link: 5.7.27

Exit. Alarums


This way, my lord; the castle's gently render'd:
Link: 5.7.28
The tyrant's people on both sides do fight;
Link: 5.7.29
The noble thanes do bravely in the war;
Link: 5.7.30
The day almost itself professes yours,
Link: 5.7.31
And little is to do.
Link: 5.7.32

We have met with foes
Link: 5.7.33
That strike beside us.
Link: 5.7.34

Enter, sir, the castle.
Link: 5.7.35

Exeunt. Alarums

SCENE VIII. Another part of the field.

Scene 8 of Act 5 of this literary work sees the arrival of the army led by Siward, who is the Earl of Northumberland. He has come to help Malcolm, the rightful heir to the Scottish throne, overthrow Macbeth. Siward is informed by his son that he has fought bravely and killed Macbeth's top soldier, but has been wounded in the process. Siward is proud of his son's bravery and says he would be honored if he died for a noble cause.

Malcolm enters with his soldiers and they begin to storm the castle. Inside the castle, Macbeth is preparing for battle, knowing that his time as king is coming to an end. Lady Macbeth appears, sleepwalking and trying to wash the blood off her hands. She is tormented by guilt over the murders she and her husband have committed to gain power.

Macbeth receives news that his wife has died and reacts with indifference, saying that she would have died eventually anyway. He then learns that his castle is under attack and prepares to fight. He encounters Young Siward and kills him, but is soon confronted by Macduff, who reveals that he was born via Caesarean section and therefore cannot be killed by a man. Macbeth refuses to surrender, saying that he will fight to the death. The two engage in a fierce battle and Macduff emerges victorious, decapitating Macbeth and presenting his head to Malcolm.

The play ends with Malcolm being crowned as the new king of Scotland and promising to rule with justice and fairness. The audience is left with a sense of catharsis, as the tyrant Macbeth has been defeated and order has been restored to the kingdom.


Why should I play the Roman fool, and die
Link: 5.8.1
On mine own sword? whiles I see lives, the gashes
Link: 5.8.2
Do better upon them.
Link: 5.8.3


Turn, hell-hound, turn!
Link: 5.8.4

Of all men else I have avoided thee:
Link: 5.8.5
But get thee back; my soul is too much charged
Link: 5.8.6
With blood of thine already.
Link: 5.8.7

I have no words:
Link: 5.8.8
My voice is in my sword: thou bloodier villain
Link: 5.8.9
Than terms can give thee out!
Link: 5.8.10

They fight

Thou losest labour:
Link: 5.8.11
As easy mayst thou the intrenchant air
Link: 5.8.12
With thy keen sword impress as make me bleed:
Link: 5.8.13
Let fall thy blade on vulnerable crests;
Link: 5.8.14
I bear a charmed life, which must not yield,
Link: 5.8.15
To one of woman born.
Link: 5.8.16

Despair thy charm;
Link: 5.8.17
And let the angel whom thou still hast served
Link: 5.8.18
Tell thee, Macduff was from his mother's womb
Link: 5.8.19
Untimely ripp'd.
Link: 5.8.20

Accursed be that tongue that tells me so,
Link: 5.8.21
For it hath cow'd my better part of man!
Link: 5.8.22
And be these juggling fiends no more believed,
Link: 5.8.23
That palter with us in a double sense;
Link: 5.8.24
That keep the word of promise to our ear,
Link: 5.8.25
And break it to our hope. I'll not fight with thee.
Link: 5.8.26

Then yield thee, coward,
Link: 5.8.27
And live to be the show and gaze o' the time:
Link: 5.8.28
We'll have thee, as our rarer monsters are,
Link: 5.8.29
Painted on a pole, and underwrit,
Link: 5.8.30
'Here may you see the tyrant.'
Link: 5.8.31

I will not yield,
Link: 5.8.32
To kiss the ground before young Malcolm's feet,
Link: 5.8.33
And to be baited with the rabble's curse.
Link: 5.8.34
Though Birnam wood be come to Dunsinane,
Link: 5.8.35
And thou opposed, being of no woman born,
Link: 5.8.36
Yet I will try the last. Before my body
Link: 5.8.37
I throw my warlike shield. Lay on, Macduff,
Link: 5.8.38
And damn'd be him that first cries, 'Hold, enough!'
Link: 5.8.39

Exeunt, fighting. Alarums

Retreat. Flourish. Enter, with drum and colours, MALCOLM, SIWARD, ROSS, the other Thanes, and Soldiers

I would the friends we miss were safe arrived.
Link: 5.8.40

Some must go off: and yet, by these I see,
Link: 5.8.41
So great a day as this is cheaply bought.
Link: 5.8.42

Macduff is missing, and your noble son.
Link: 5.8.43

Your son, my lord, has paid a soldier's debt:
Link: 5.8.44
He only lived but till he was a man;
Link: 5.8.45
The which no sooner had his prowess confirm'd
Link: 5.8.46
In the unshrinking station where he fought,
Link: 5.8.47
But like a man he died.
Link: 5.8.48

Then he is dead?
Link: 5.8.49

Ay, and brought off the field: your cause of sorrow
Link: 5.8.50
Must not be measured by his worth, for then
Link: 5.8.51
It hath no end.
Link: 5.8.52

Had he his hurts before?
Link: 5.8.53

Ay, on the front.
Link: 5.8.54

Why then, God's soldier be he!
Link: 5.8.55
Had I as many sons as I have hairs,
Link: 5.8.56
I would not wish them to a fairer death:
Link: 5.8.57
And so, his knell is knoll'd.
Link: 5.8.58

He's worth more sorrow,
Link: 5.8.59
And that I'll spend for him.
Link: 5.8.60

He's worth no more
Link: 5.8.61
They say he parted well, and paid his score:
Link: 5.8.62
And so, God be with him! Here comes newer comfort.
Link: 5.8.63

Re-enter MACDUFF, with MACBETH's head

Hail, king! for so thou art: behold, where stands
Link: 5.8.64
The usurper's cursed head: the time is free:
Link: 5.8.65
I see thee compass'd with thy kingdom's pearl,
Link: 5.8.66
That speak my salutation in their minds;
Link: 5.8.67
Whose voices I desire aloud with mine:
Link: 5.8.68
Hail, King of Scotland!
Link: 5.8.69

Hail, King of Scotland!
Link: 5.8.70


We shall not spend a large expense of time
Link: 5.8.71
Before we reckon with your several loves,
Link: 5.8.72
And make us even with you. My thanes and kinsmen,
Link: 5.8.73
Henceforth be earls, the first that ever Scotland
Link: 5.8.74
In such an honour named. What's more to do,
Link: 5.8.75
Which would be planted newly with the time,
Link: 5.8.76
As calling home our exiled friends abroad
Link: 5.8.77
That fled the snares of watchful tyranny;
Link: 5.8.78
Producing forth the cruel ministers
Link: 5.8.79
Of this dead butcher and his fiend-like queen,
Link: 5.8.80
Who, as 'tis thought, by self and violent hands
Link: 5.8.81
Took off her life; this, and what needful else
Link: 5.8.82
That calls upon us, by the grace of Grace,
Link: 5.8.83
We will perform in measure, time and place:
Link: 5.8.84
So, thanks to all at once and to each one,
Link: 5.8.85
Whom we invite to see us crown'd at Scone.
Link: 5.8.86

Flourish. Exeunt